A WBAN system for ambulatory monitoring of physical activity and health status: Applications and challenges

E. Jovanov, A. Milenković, C. Otto, P. De Groen, Bruce David Johnson, S. Warren, G. Taibi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent technological advances in sensors, low-power integrated circuits, and wireless communications have enabled the design of low-cost, miniature, lightweight, intelligent physiological sensor platforms that can be seamlessly integrated into a body area network for health monitoring. Wireless body area networks (WBANs) promise unobtrusive ambulatory health monitoring for extended periods of time and near real-time updates of patients' medical records through the Internet. A number of innovative systems for health monitoring have recently been proposed. However, they typically rely on custom communication protocols and hardware designs, lacking generality and flexibility. The lack of standard platforms, system software support, and standards makes these systems expensive. Bulky sensors, high price, and frequent battery changes are all likely to limit user compliance. To address some of these challenges, we prototyped a WBAN utilizing a common off-the-shelf wireless sensor platform with a ZigBee-compliant radio interface and an ultra low-power microcontroller. The standard platform interfaces to custom sensor boards that are equipped with accelerometers for motion monitoring and a bioamplifier for electrocardiogram or electromyogram monitoring. Software modules for on-board processing, communication, and network synchronization have been developed using the TinyOS operating system. Although the initial WBAN prototype targets ambulatory monitoring of user activity, the developed sensors can easily be adapted to monitor other physiological parameters. In this paper, we discuss initial results, implementation challenges, and the need for standardization in this dynamic and promising research field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
Pages3810-3813
Number of pages4
Volume7 VOLS
StatePublished - 2005
Event2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005 - Shanghai, China
Duration: Sep 1 2005Sep 4 2005

Other

Other2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005
CountryChina
CityShanghai
Period9/1/059/4/05

Fingerprint

Health
Monitoring
Sensors
Power integrated circuits
Zigbee
Communication
Microcontrollers
Electrocardiography
Accelerometers
Standardization
Computer hardware
Synchronization
Internet
Network protocols
Processing
Costs

Keywords

  • Activity monitors
  • Ambulatory monitoring
  • Sensors
  • Wireless body area networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Jovanov, E., Milenković, A., Otto, C., De Groen, P., Johnson, B. D., Warren, S., & Taibi, G. (2005). A WBAN system for ambulatory monitoring of physical activity and health status: Applications and challenges. In Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings (Vol. 7 VOLS, pp. 3810-3813). [1615290]

A WBAN system for ambulatory monitoring of physical activity and health status : Applications and challenges. / Jovanov, E.; Milenković, A.; Otto, C.; De Groen, P.; Johnson, Bruce David; Warren, S.; Taibi, G.

Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings. Vol. 7 VOLS 2005. p. 3810-3813 1615290.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Jovanov, E, Milenković, A, Otto, C, De Groen, P, Johnson, BD, Warren, S & Taibi, G 2005, A WBAN system for ambulatory monitoring of physical activity and health status: Applications and challenges. in Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings. vol. 7 VOLS, 1615290, pp. 3810-3813, 2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005, Shanghai, China, 9/1/05.
Jovanov E, Milenković A, Otto C, De Groen P, Johnson BD, Warren S et al. A WBAN system for ambulatory monitoring of physical activity and health status: Applications and challenges. In Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings. Vol. 7 VOLS. 2005. p. 3810-3813. 1615290
Jovanov, E. ; Milenković, A. ; Otto, C. ; De Groen, P. ; Johnson, Bruce David ; Warren, S. ; Taibi, G. / A WBAN system for ambulatory monitoring of physical activity and health status : Applications and challenges. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings. Vol. 7 VOLS 2005. pp. 3810-3813
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