A validated FISH trisomy index demonstrates the hyperdiploid and nonhyperdiploid dichotomy in MGUS

Wee Joo Chng, Scott A. Van Wier, Gregory J. Ahmann, Jerry M. Winkler, Syed M. Jalal, Peter Leif Bergsagel, Marta Chesi, Mike C. Trendle, Martin M. Oken, Emily Blood, Kim Henderson, Rafael Santana-Dávila, Robert A. Kyle, Morie A. Gertz, Martha Q. Lacy, Angela Dispenzieri, Philip R. Greipp, Rafael Fonseca

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103 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two major genetic categories of multiple myeloma (MM) exist. Hyperdiploid MM (48 to 74 chromosomes, median 53 chromosomes) is associated with trisomies especially of chromosomes 3,7,9,11,15, and 18, whereas the nonhyperdlplold (< 48 chromosomes or more than 74 chromosomes) MM is associated with primary translocations such as t(11;14), t(4;14), and t(14;16). Whether this dichotomy exists in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is uncertain due to limitations of current methods in the study at ploidy. This is especially true in MGUS where the number of clonal plasma cells is small. In this study, we derived a fluorescent in situ hybridization (FiSH)-based trisomy index from pooied cytogenetic data (karyotype analysis) from 2 large cohorts of patients with MM with abnormal karyotype, and then validated if in 2 independent cohorts of patients who had known pioidy status either by karyotyping or DNA content measurement using flow cytometry. Using the criteria of 2 or more trisomies from a 3-chromosome combination, hyperdiptoid myeloma can be detected with high specificity. Applying this index on 28 patients with smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) or MGUS (11 SMM, 17 MGUS) who had normal karyotype, 11 cases of hyperdiploid SMM/MGUS were detected. This percentage (40%) is remarkably similar to the percentage of hyperdiploid MM reported in the literature, suggesting that hyperdiploid MM may originate early during disease evolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2156-2161
Number of pages6
JournalBlood
Volume106
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Chng, W. J., Van Wier, S. A., Ahmann, G. J., Winkler, J. M., Jalal, S. M., Bergsagel, P. L., Chesi, M., Trendle, M. C., Oken, M. M., Blood, E., Henderson, K., Santana-Dávila, R., Kyle, R. A., Gertz, M. A., Lacy, M. Q., Dispenzieri, A., Greipp, P. R., & Fonseca, R. (2005). A validated FISH trisomy index demonstrates the hyperdiploid and nonhyperdiploid dichotomy in MGUS. Blood, 106(6), 2156-2161. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2005-02-0761