A two-decade spectrum of revisional bariatric surgery at a tertiary referral center

Elizabeth M. Nesset, Michael L. Kendrick, Scott G. Houghton, Jane L. Mai, Geoffrey B. Thompson, Florencia G. Que, Kristine M. Thomsen, Dirk R. Larson, Michael G. Sarr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Ineffective weight loss or complications of previous bariatric surgery often require revisional bariatric procedures. Our aim was to define the indications, operative approach, and outcomes of revisional bariatric procedures during 2 decades at a tertiary center. Methods: From our prospective database (n = 1584), including 1985-2004, 218 patients (14%) underwent revisional bariatric procedures. Follow-up (mean 7 yr, range 1 mo to 19 yr) data obtained from patient records and questionnaires were current for 98%. Patients were grouped according to operative indications: group 1, unsatisfactory weight loss (n = 97); group 2, mechanical/symptomatic complications (n = 95); and group 3, severe nutritional/metabolic problems (n = 26). Results: The operative mortality rate was 0.9% (1 case each of pulmonary embolus and cardiac arrest). The serious operative morbidity rate was 26% (wound infection in 13%, leak in 3%, pulmonary embolus in 2%, anemia/hemorrhage in 2%, pneumonia/prolonged ventilation in 2%, and other in 4%). Of the 218 patients, 94% underwent conversion to, or revision of, Roux-en-y gastric bypass. Group 1 achieved substantial weight reduction with a mean body mass index from 51 ± 1 to 38 ± 1 kg/m2, the complications resolved in 88% of group 2, and the nutritional/metabolic problems resolved in 79% of group 3. Patients who underwent revisional surgery 1990 were more likely to present with mechanical/symptomatic/metabolic complications than for unsuccessful weight loss (P <.001). Conclusions: Revisional bariatric surgery is safe and effective in experienced centers. Complications (mechanical/symptomatic/nutritional) or unsatisfactory weight loss after primary bariatric procedures can be treated effectively with revision to Roux-en-y gastric bypass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Keywords

  • Medically complicated obesity
  • Revisional bariatric surgery
  • Roux-en-y gastric bypass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A two-decade spectrum of revisional bariatric surgery at a tertiary referral center'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Nesset, E. M., Kendrick, M. L., Houghton, S. G., Mai, J. L., Thompson, G. B., Que, F. G., Thomsen, K. M., Larson, D. R., & Sarr, M. G. (2007). A two-decade spectrum of revisional bariatric surgery at a tertiary referral center. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, 3(1), 25-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2006.10.010