A single amino acid substitution differentiates Hsp70-dependent effects on α-synuclein degradation and toxicity

Jochen Klucken, Youngah Shin, Bradley T. Hyman, Pamela J. McLean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

α-Synuclein aggregation and toxicity play a major role in Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Hsp70 is a multipurpose stress response chaperone protein that mediates both refolding and degradation of misfolded proteins. We have shown that Hsp70 is able to block both α-synuclein toxicity and aggregation. Here we introduce a mutation into the ATPase domain of Hsp70 (K71S) and demonstrate that this abolishes Hsp70 refolding activity. Nonetheless, Hsp70K71S continues to mediate α-synuclein degradation and blocks aggregate formation. In contrast to wild type Hsp70, the ATPase domain mutant mediates α-synuclein degradation through a non-proteasome inhibitor sensitive pathway. Although Hsp70K71S can diminish levels of α-synuclein to an even greater extent than Hsp70, HSP70K71S does not protect against α-synuclein toxicity. The Hsp70K71S mutant appears to dissociate the formation of aggregates, which it blocks, and toxicity, which it does not block. These data suggest that the ability of Hsp70 to prevent toxicity is distinct from degradation of α-synuclein and is dependent on its ATPase domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-373
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume325
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2004

Keywords

  • Chaperone
  • Dementia with Lewy bodies
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Protein aggregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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