A shift in the clinical spectrum of eosinophilic gastroenteritis toward the mucosal disease type

Joseph Y. Chang, Rok Seon Choung, Ru Min Lee, G. Richard Locke, Cathy D. Schleck, Alan R. Zinsmeister, Thomas C. Smyrk, Nicholas J. Talley

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71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG) is a rare disorder characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Despite the increasing prevalence of eosinophilic GI disorders, the epidemiology of EG has not been well studied. We evaluated the clinical spectrum of EG. Methods: We reviewed data from patients diagnosed with EG, allergic gastroenteropathy, or eosinophilia and referred to gastroenterologists from 1987 to 2007 (n = 59; 52 with mucosal, 3 with muscularis, and 4 with subserosal disease). The study included subjects diagnosed with EG and those with a history that suggested EG, defined by GI symptoms; eosinophilic infiltration of the GI tract, eosinophilic ascites, or characteristic radiographic findings with eosinophilia; and no parasitic or extraintestinal disease. Findings were compared with those from patients with unexplained GI symptoms and peripheral eosinophilia (n = 11). Results: Associations between clinical variables and EG subgroups did not differ between patients with EG and peripheral eosinophilia. Fifty percent of patients with EG who underwent food allergy testing had a positive test result; only 32% of those with EG who underwent radiographic imaging had positive test results. Patients with EG received steroid therapy; 75% with mucosal, 67% with muscle, and 100% with subserosal disease received prednisone. Eighty-eight percent of patients who received only steroids (mean follow-up period, 7 mo) and 94% of patients who received steroids in combination with another therapy (mean follow-up period, 4 mo) had improved or resolved disease. Conclusions: Unlike eosinophilic esophagitis, EG is rare. Results from this large study suggest that EG disease type has shifted toward that of the mucosal layer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-675
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

Keywords

  • Allergic Gastroenteropathy
  • Clinical Trial
  • Eosinophilia
  • Gastroenteritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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    Chang, J. Y., Choung, R. S., Lee, R. M., Locke, G. R., Schleck, C. D., Zinsmeister, A. R., Smyrk, T. C., & Talley, N. J. (2010). A shift in the clinical spectrum of eosinophilic gastroenteritis toward the mucosal disease type. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 8(8), 669-675. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2010.04.022