A Retrospective Analysis of Gender-Based Difference in Adherence to Initial Colon Cancer Screening Recommendations

Jose Raul Valery, Andres Applewhite, Alyssa Manaois, John Dimuna, Taimur Sher, Michael G. Heckman, Danielle E. Brushaber, Fernando Stancampiano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States, despite being largely preventable and treatable. Improving overall screening rates among both men and women is considered an important and effective strategy toward reducing morbidity and mortality from CRC. In order to optimize screening strategies, factors associated with decreased compliance need to be understood. This study aimed to compare initial CRC screening rates between males and females in a population of patients who presented for an annual physical examination. Methods: A retrospective chart review study of 380 patients designed to compare rates of initial CRC screening between males and females was conducted. Patients who were seen at our institution for an annual physical examination and were between 51 and 60 years of age were included. Results: There was no evidence of a difference in the rate of initial colon cancer screening between females (83.0%) and males (80.9%) in either unadjusted analysis (odds ratio = 1.16, P =.59) or in multivariable analysis adjusting for potential confounding variables (odds ratio = 1.16, P =.61). Conclusions: There was no significant difference in the rate of initial CRC screening between males and females who presented for an annual physical examination. This suggests that designing interventions to improve screening specific to gender may not be needed in a population of patients who attend routine preventive health examinations. Further study is needed in the general population to examine for gender-based differences in initial CRC screening among patients who do not regularly follow up for preventive examinations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Primary Care and Community Health
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • colorectal cancer screening
  • gender-based difference
  • preventive health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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