A rapid and cost-effective method for genotyping apolipoprotein e gene polymorphism

Li Zhong, Yong Zhuang Xie, Tian Tian Cao, Zongqi Wang, Tingting Wang, Xinxiu Li, Rui Chi Shen, Huaxi Xu, Guojun Bu, Xiao Fen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a major cholesterol carrier and plays an important role in maintaining lipid homeostasis both in the periphery and brain. Human APOE gene is polymorphic at two single nucleotides (rs429358 and rs7412) resulting in three different alleles (ε2, ε3 and ε4). ApoE isoforms modulate the risk for a variety of vascular and neurodegenerative diseases; thus, APOE genotyping is crucial for predicting disease risk and designing individualized therapy based on APOE genotype. Results: We have developed an APOE genotyping method that is based on allele-specific PCR methodology adapted to Real Time PCR monitored by TaqMan probe. Rather than using TaqMan probes specific for the two polymorphic sites, only one TaqMan probe is used as the polymorphic alleles are recognized by site-specific PCR primers. Each genotyping assay can be completed within 90 minutes and is applicable to high-throughput analysis. Using this protocol, we genotyped a total of 1158 human DNA samples and obtained a 100 % concordance with the APOE genotype determined by sequencing analysis. Conclusion: The APOE genotyping assay we have developed is accurate and cost-effective. In addition, our assay can readily be applied to genotyping large sample numbers. Therefore, our APOE genotyping method can be used for assessing the risk for a variety of vascular and neurodegenerative diseases that have been reported to be associated with APOE polymorphism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalMolecular neurodegeneration
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 12 2016

Keywords

  • APOE genotype
  • Apolipoprotein E
  • Polymorphism
  • Real Time PCR
  • Sequencing
  • TaqMan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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  • Cite this

    Zhong, L., Xie, Y. Z., Cao, T. T., Wang, Z., Wang, T., Li, X., Shen, R. C., Xu, H., Bu, G., & Chen, X. F. (2016). A rapid and cost-effective method for genotyping apolipoprotein e gene polymorphism. Molecular neurodegeneration, 11(1), [2]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13024-016-0069-4