A Prospective Survey of Outpatient Medication Adherence in Adult Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patients

Lauren L. Ice, Gabriel T. Bartoo, Kristen B. McCullough, Robert C. Wolf, Ross A. Dierkhising, Kristin C. Mara, Sheila G. Jowsey-Gregoire, Moussab Damlaj, Mark R. Litzow, Julianna A. Merten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Limited data exist regarding the prevalence and outcome of medication nonadherence in the adult allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) population. The objective of this cross-sectional survey study is to determine the prevalence of medication nonadherence to immunosuppressant and nonimmunosuppressant medications in adult recipients of allo-HSCT. An electronic survey using previously validated medication adherence scales was distributed between December 2014 and April 2015 to 200 adult patients with at least 3 months of follow-up after allo-HSCT. Immunosuppressant serum drug levels and prescription refill records were retrospectively collected to assess correlation with survey responses. In the entire cohort, 51% of subjects (n = 102) reported nonadherence to nonimmunosuppressant medications (95% confidence interval [CI], 44.07% to 57.93%) on the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. Of the 153 patients taking oral immunosuppressant medications at the time of the survey, 58 (37.9%) reported nonadherence to immunosuppressant therapy (95% CI, 30.22% to 45.6%), as measured by the Immunosuppressant Therapy Adherence Scale. Younger age and distress were associated with medication nonadherence. Nonadherence to immunosuppressant therapy was associated with mild chronic graft-vs-host disease (cGVHD), and a similar trend was observed for moderate cGVHD. Medication nonadherence was found to be highly prevalent for both immunosuppressant and nonimmunosuppressant medications in adult allo-HSCT recipient, and further study to identify interventions to improve adherence in these patients is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1627-1634
Number of pages8
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Allogeneic
  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease
  • Medication
  • Nonadherence
  • Pharmacist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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