Background: Patients discharged following admissions for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AE-COPD) frequently require unplanned readmissions, increasing costs and morbidity for thousands of patients suffering from COPD. The Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program provided financial incentives to reduce 30-day readmissions for AE-COPD, but although risk factors for readmission are known, few evidence-based interventions achieve this goal. Members of the Mayo Clinic Care Network (MCCN) formed a collaborative to seek ways to reduce 30-day readmission for patients admitted with AE-COPD. Methods: Seventeen MCCN organizations participated in an improvement collaborative in 2016 and 2017. Mayo Clinic subject matter experts shared improvement webinars, protocols, and educational materials related to AE-COPD and delivered individualized coaching to facilitate improvement at each site over a six-month engagement. Among other recommended interventions, organizations worked to increase the proportion of COPD patients who had a standardized disease severity staging during admission, inhaler appropriateness evaluations, a COPD treatment action plan, and clinical contact at < 48 hours and 10 ± 4 days postdischarge. Results: Same-hospital readmission rates improved from 17.7% ± 3.6 to 14.5% ± 4.0 (weighted difference −4.38, p = 0.008, paired t-test). In addition, participating teams stated that the collaborative framework helped them develop strategies that improved patient care and organizational capacity for improvement in other domains. Conclusion: The collaborative framework, beginning with education delivered in person and via webinars, combined with telephonically delivered coaching and knowledge sharing, assisted most members to improve care. Fourteen of 17 participating sites experienced a reduced AE-COPD readmission rate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety|
|State||Published - Jul 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Leadership and Management