Background: E2104 was designed to evaluate the safety of two different strategies incorporating bevacizumab into anthracycline-containing adjuvant therapy as a precursor to a definitive randomized phase III trial. Patients and methods: Patients were sequentially assigned to one of two treatment arms. In addition to dose-dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel (Taxol) (ddAC→T), all patients received bevacizumab (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks × 26) initiated either concurrently with AC (Arm A: ddBAC→BT→B) or with paclitaxel (Arm B: ddAC→BT→B). The primary end point was incidence of clinically apparent cardiac dysfunction (CHF). Results: Patients enrolled were 226 in number (Arm A 104, Arm B 122). Grade 3 hypertension, thrombosis, proteinuria and hemorrhage were reported for 12, 2, 2 and <1% of patients, respectively. Two patients developed grade 3 or more cerebrovascular ischemia. Three patients in each arm developed CHF. There was no significant difference between arms in the proportion of patients with an absolute decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction of >15% or >10% to below the lower limit of normal post AC or post bevacizumab. Conclusions: Incorporation of bevacizumab into anthracycline-containing adjuvant therapy does not result in prohibitive cardiac toxicity. The definitive phase III trial (E5103) was activated with systematic and extensive cardiac monitoring to define the true impact of bevacizumab on cardiac function.
- Breast cancer
- Clinical trial
- Vascular endothelial growth factor
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