Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the safety of, immune response induced by, and efficacy of treatment with lapuleucel-T (APC8024) in patients with HER-2/neu - expressing tumors. Lapuleucel-T is an investigational active immunotherapy product consisting of autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells, including antigen presenting cells, which are cultured ex vivo with BA7072, a recombinant fusion antigen consisting of portions of the intracellular and extracellular regions of HER-2/neu linked to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Experimental Design: Patients with metastatic breast, ovarian, or colorectal cancer whose tumors expressed HER-2 were eligible. Patients underwent leukapheresis in week 0 and received lapuleucel-T infusions in weeks 0, 2, and 4. Patients who achieved a partial response or had stable disease through week 48 were eligible for re-treatment using the same protocol and dose as their initial treatment. Results: Eighteen patients were enrolled and treated. Patients showed an immune response to the immunizing antigen (BA7072) at week 8 compared with week 0 as measured by T lymphocyte proliferation and IFN-γ enzyme-linked immunospot assay. Therapy was well tolerated. The majority (94.7%) of adverse events associated with treatment were grade 1 or 2. Two patients experienced stable disease lasting >48 weeks. Conclusions: Autologous active cellular immunotherapy with lapuleucel-T stimulated an immuneresponse specific to the immunizing antigen and seemed to be well tolerated. Further clinical studies to assess the clinical benefit for patients with HER/2-neu-expressing breast, ovarian, and colorectal cancer are warranted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research