Purpose: PI3K/AKT pathway activation is an important endocrine resistance mechanism in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer. After promising preclinical modeling of MK-2206, an allosteric pan-AKT inhibitor, with either estrogen deprivation or fulvestrant, we conducted a phase I trial in patients with metastatic ER+HER2- breast cancer to determine the recommended phase II treatment dose (RPTD) of MK-2206 when combined with either anastrozole, fulvestrant, or anastrozole/ fulvestrant. Experimental Design: ER+ breast cancer cell lines were exposed in vitro to MK-2206 plus estrogen deprivation with or without fulvestrant and monitored for apoptosis. A standard 3+3 design was employed to first determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of MK-2206 plus anastrozole based on cycle 1 toxicity. Each cycle was 28 days. The RPTD was determined on the basis of toxicities observed at MTD level during the first 3 cycles. Subsequent patients received MK-2206, at the RPTD determined above, plus fulvestrant or anastrozole/fulvestrant to define RPTD for these additional regimens. Results: MK-2206 induced apoptosis in parental ER+ but not in long-term estrogen-deprived cell lines, for which fulvestrant was required for apoptosis induction. Thirty-one patients enrolled. The RPTD was defined as MK-2206 150 mg orally weekly with prednisone prophylaxis for each combination. Grade 3 rash was dose limiting. 42% (95% CI, 23%-63%) patients derived clinical benefit without progression within 6 months. Response was not associated with tumor PIK3CA mutation. Conclusions: MK-2206 plus endocrine treatments were tolerable. MK-2206 in combination with anastrozole is being further evaluated in a phase II neoadjuvant trial for newly diagnosed ER+ HER2- breast cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research