A phase i pharmacokinetic and safety analysis of epothilone folate (BMS-753493), a folate receptor targeted chemotherapeutic agent in humans with advanced solid tumors

P. P. Peethambaram, L. C. Hartmann, D. J. Jonker, M. De Jonge, E. R. Plummer, L. Martin, J. Konner, J. Marshall, G. D. Goss, V. Teslenko, P. L. Clemens, L. J. Cohen, C. M. Ahlers, L. Alland

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Abstract

Background The folate receptor alpha is selectively over-expressed in a number of human cancers. BMS-753493 is a folate conjugate of the epothilone analog BMS-748285 that was designed to selectively target folate receptor expressing cancer cells. Methods BMS-753493 was investigated in two parallel multi-institutional first-in-human phase I/IIa studies in patients with advanced solid tumors. In Study 1, patients were treated on a schedule of once daily dosing of BMS-753493 administered on Days 1, 4, 8 and 11 every 21 days with a starting dose of 5 mg daily and in Study 2, patients were treated once daily on Days 1-4 every 21 days, with a starting dose of 2.5 mg daily. Results A total of 65 patients were treated across the two studies. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was 26 mg in Study 1 and 15 mg in Study 2. Fatigue, transaminitis, gastrointestinal toxicity, and mucositis were dose-limiting toxicities. One patient in Study 2 developed Stevens-Johnson syndrome attributed to BMS-753493. Plasma exposures of both the conjugated and free epothilone increased in a dose related fashion in both studies and the half-life of the conjugated epothilone was 0.2-0.6 h across dose levels. No objective tumor responses were seen in either study. Conclusions BMS-753493 was generally tolerable and toxicities known to be associated with epothilone class of anticancer agents were common, although peripheral neuropathy and neutropenia appear to have been less frequent and less severe as compared to epothilones. Antitumor activity was not demonstrated and further development of BMS-753493 has been discontinued.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-331
Number of pages11
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Advanced cancer
  • Epothilone
  • Folate conjugate
  • Phase I trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Oncology

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    Peethambaram, P. P., Hartmann, L. C., Jonker, D. J., De Jonge, M., Plummer, E. R., Martin, L., Konner, J., Marshall, J., Goss, G. D., Teslenko, V., Clemens, P. L., Cohen, L. J., Ahlers, C. M., & Alland, L. (2015). A phase i pharmacokinetic and safety analysis of epothilone folate (BMS-753493), a folate receptor targeted chemotherapeutic agent in humans with advanced solid tumors. Investigational New Drugs, 33(2), 321-331. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10637-014-0171-9