A Phase 2 Randomized, Double-Blind, Multicenter Trial of Imexon Plus Gemcitabine Versus Gemcitabine Plus Placebo in Patients with Metastatic Chemotherapy-naïve Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Steven J. Cohen, Mark M. Zalupski, Paul Conkling, Francis Nugent, Wen Wee Ma, Manuel Modiano, Rolan Pascual, Fa Chyi Lee, Lucas Wong, Evan Hersh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Imexon is a cyanoaziridine-derived iminopyrrolidone which has synergistic cytotoxicity with gemcitabine. A phase 1 study of the combination demonstrated good tolerance with encouraging clinical activity and thus we conducted this randomized phase II study. Materials and Methods: Patients with measurable, metastatic, treatment-naive pancreatic adenocarcinoma were randomized 1:1 to receive gemcitabine at 1000 mg/m 2 days 1, 8, and 15 with either imexon, 875 mg/m 2 or placebo days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival and response rate. Results: A total of 142 patients were randomized, 72 to the imexon containing arm and 70 to the placebo arm. Patients in the imexon arm received an average of 3.6 cycles (range, 1 to 23) compared with 4.4 (range, 1 to 21) in the placebo arm. There was no increased rate of ≥grade 3 toxicity in the imexon arm. Seven patients had objective responses in the imexon arm (13.7%), whereas 9 did in the placebo arm (17%). In the imexon arm, 23 patients had ≥50% reduction in CA 19-9 from baseline (33%), whereas 22 did in the placebo arm (31.4%). The median progression-free survival was 2.8 months in the imexon arm (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.0-4.1 m) and 3.8 months in the placebo arm (95% CI, 2.2-4.7 m), P=0.504. The median overall survival time in the imexon arm was 5.2 months (95% CI, 4.2-6.7 m) as compared with 6.8 m (95% CI, 4.9-8.5 m) in the placebo arm, P=0.6822. Conclusions: The combination of imexon and gemcitabine does not result in improved outcome as initial therapy of metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-235
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • gemcitabine
  • imexon
  • pancreatic cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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