A novel triple immunoenzyme staining enables simultaneous identification of all muscle fiber types on a single skeletal muscle cryosection from normal, denervated or reinnervated rats

Peng Wu, Shuya Zhang, Robert J. Spinner, Michael Torres Lizardi, Yudong Gu, Cong Yu, Michael J. Yaszemski, Anthony J. Windebank, Huan Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Triple immunofluorescence staining has recently been developed to simultaneously identify all muscle fibers on a single cryosection which is helpful for clinical and basic research, but it has disadvantages such as fast photobleaching and unclear outlines of muscle fibers. Triple immunoenzyme staining (TIE) is likely to avoid these disadvantages. In this study, we aimed to establish a sensitive and specific TIE technique to identify fiber types in normal, denervated, and reinnervated rat muscles, and to develop a systematic sampling method for muscle fiber quantification. Tibialis anterior and soleus from normal, denervated, and reinnervated Lewis rat hind limbs were used. Five consecutive cryosections were cut from each muscle, including one for TIE and four for single immunoenzyme staining (SIE). The TIE was performed using the polymerized reporter enzyme staining system for the first two antigens (A4.74 for MyHC-IIA, BA-F8 for MyHC-I) and alkaline phosphatase staining system for the third antigen (BF-F3 for MyHC-IIB), followed by corresponding detective systems and respective chromogens. The type of muscle fibers was quantified by systematic sampling at 12.5%, 25%, 33% and 50% of all muscle fibers, and was compared with that acquired from counting all the fibers (100%). All muscle fiber phenotypes, including pure and hybrid, could be simultaneously identified on a single TIE cryosection with clear outlines. The fiber types on TIE slides matched well with their respective counterpart on the consecutive SIE slides with a 95% match rate. Systematic sampling of 12.5% fibers could represent the true fiber type distribution of the entire muscle section. Our results suggest that novel TIE can effectively visualize fiber types in normal, denervated or reinnervated rat muscles muscles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1357-1364
Number of pages8
JournalNeural Regeneration Research
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Muscle fiber phenotyping
  • Myosin heavy chain
  • Nerve regeneration
  • Neural regeneration
  • Rats
  • Triple immunoenzyme staining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Neuroscience

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