A novel finding to assess ischemia in pacing stress echocardiography (PASE)

Tasneem Z. Naqvi, Noune G. Aslanian, Asim M. Rafique, Robert J. Siegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Normalization of heart rate post-pacing stress echocardiography (PASE) could enable evaluation of effect of ischemia on diastolic function. Methods: We examined the effect of pacing on left ventricular (LV) filling in 55 patients who underwent a transesophageal PASE. Pulse wave Doppler of mitral inflow was obtained at baseline and during transition from peak pacing to up to three beats immediate post pacing. Results: Thirty-four patients (62%; 62 ± 12 years) had normal (NL) PASE, wall motion score index (WMSI) 1 ± 0 at baseline and during PASE. Sixteen patients (29%; 64 ± 12 years) had ischemic (ISCH) PASE, WMSI 1.07 ± 0.08 at baseline and 1.40 ± 0.21 during PASE. Five patients (9%; 81 ± 5 years) had abnormal (ABN) PASE, WMSI 1.55 ± 0.34 at baseline and 1.55 ± 0.34 during PASE. The ABN group had the most pronounced decrease in deceleration time (DT) seen in all three post-PASE beats (221 ± 29 ms at baseline vs. 145 ± 46, 144 ± 26 and 144 ± 18 ms at beats 1, 2, and 3, P < 0.005 from baseline for all). The DT reduced significantly at post-PASE beat 1 from baseline (234 ± 45 ms vs. 158 ± 36 ms, P = 0.02) in the ISCH group, whereas no significant change in DT occurred in the NL group (239 ± 74 ms vs. 222 ± 58 ms, P = 0.14) at beat 1. Conclusion: In ISCH and ABN ventricles the duration of early diastolic filling decreased post-pacing. This new finding of a shortened deceleration time (DT) may be a marker of an ischemic response in PASE reflecting abnormal LV compliance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-637
Number of pages9
JournalEchocardiography
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary ischemia
  • Diastolic function
  • Stress echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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