M-atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP; M-ANP) is a novel next generation 40 amino acid peptide based on ANP, which is highly resistant to enzymatic degradation and has greater and more sustained beneficial actions compared with ANP. The current study was designed to advance our understanding of the therapeutic potential of M-ANP in a canine model of acute angiotensin II-induced hypertension with elevated cardiac filling pressures and aldosterone activation. We compare M-ANP with vehicle and equimolar human B-type natriuretic peptide, which possesses the most potent in vivo actions of the native natriuretic peptides. M-ANP significantly lowered mean arterial pressure and systemic vascular resistance. Importantly, despite a reduction in blood pressure, renal function was enhanced with significant increases in renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, diuresis, and natriuresis after M-ANP infusion. Although angiotensin II induced an acute increase in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, M-ANP significantly lowered pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, pulmonary artery pressure, and right atrial pressure. Further, M-ANP significantly suppressed angiotensin II-induced activation of aldosterone. These cardiovascular and renal enhancing actions of M-ANP were accompanied by significant increases in plasma and urinary cGMP, the second messenger molecule of the natriuretic peptide system. When compared with human B-type natriuretic peptide, M-ANP had comparable cardiovascular actions but resulted in a greater natriuretic effect. These results suggest that M-ANP, which is more potent than ANP in normal canines, has potent blood pressure lowering and renal enhancing properties and may, therefore, serve as an ANP based therapeutic for acute hypertension.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2010|
- atrial natriuretic factor
- natriuretic peptides
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine