A new provocative test for glaucoma

Fabio N. Kanadani, T. C.A. Moreira, L. F. Campos, M. P. Vianello, J. Corradi, Syril Dorairaj, A. L.A. Freitas, R. Ritch

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: To compare the effects of the water-drinking test (WDT) with the 30° inverted body position test on intraocular pressure (IOP) in normal patients, suspected glaucoma patients and glaucoma patients. Materials and methods: Based on clinical evaluation of the optic disk, IOP, and standard achromatic perimetry (SAP) of 71 eyes, 18 were “normal” (normal SAP and optic disk evaluation, and IOP < 21 mm Hg), 30 were “glaucoma suspect” (GS; normal SAP, cup/disk (C/D) ratio > 0.5 or asymmetry > 0.2 and/or ocular hypertension), and 31 had “early glaucoma” (MD < –6 dB, glaucomatous optic neuropathy). Standard achromatic perimetry was performed with the Octopus 3.1.1 Dynamic 24-2 program. Patients fasted before the WDT, and four measurements were performed at basal, 15´, 30, and 45´ after drinking 1 liter of water (WDT) in 5 minutes. In the 30° inverted position, IOP measurement with Perkins applanation tonometer was taken after 5 minutes lying down. Results: There was a statistical difference in all groups between the basal IOP and peak IOP during the WDT (p < 0.001) and in the inverted position IOP (p < 0.001). Controls (p = 0.50), suspects (p = 0.41) and glaucoma patients (p = 1.0) did not exhibit a difference between WDT-IOP and inverted position IOP. Conclusion: The 30° inverted position test was as efficient as WDT in detecting peak IOP. This new provocative test is easier, faster and more comfortable for both patients and doctors.



  • Glaucoma
  • Provocative test
  • Water drinking test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Kanadani, F. N., Moreira, T. C. A., Campos, L. F., Vianello, M. P., Corradi, J., Dorairaj, S., Freitas, A. L. A., & Ritch, R. (2016). A new provocative test for glaucoma. Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice, 10(1), 1-3. https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10008-1194