Fusion of tumor cells with antigen-presenting cells (APCs) has been proposed for the preparation of cancer vaccines. However, generation of these hybrids, using physical or chemical methods such as electrofusion or polyethylene glycol (PEG), has been difficult to standardize. Characterization of cell fusion has also been problematic because of difficulties in differentiating fusion from cell aggregation, leakage of cellular dyes and dendritic-cell (DC) phagocytosis of tumor material. In this report, we describe a new method to generate hybrid cell vaccines, based on gene transfer of a viral fusogenic membrane glycoprotein (FMG) into tumor cells, and incorporate a genetic method by which true hybrid formation can be unambiguously detected. We describe a new class of tumor cell-DC hybrid that can be rapidly isolated after cell fusion. These hybrids are highly potent in in vitro antigen presentation assays, target lymph nodes in vivo and are powerful immunogens against established metastatic disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)