Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the United States, with an estimated 200,000 new cases diagnosed annually. A multidisciplinary focus that entails prevention, diagnosis, and treatment has led to significant strides in the reduction of breast cancer incidence and mortality. Additionally, breast cancer management has become increasingly complex, requiring comprehensive assessment and review of multiple issues that include the role of genetic testing, imaging and breast magnetic resonance imaging, surgical and reconstructive options, and a variety of new adjuvant therapies. It has become more evident that a multidisciplinary team approach that involves a spectrum of breast experts is necessary to provide optimal care to patients. This team includes medical oncologists, breast radiologists, breast pathologists, surgical breast specialists, radiation oncologists, geneticists, and primary care physicians. Furthermore, patient knowledge has increased use of the Internet, and more patients are seeking a multidisciplinary approach to treatment. This review considers information for health care professionals who will facilitate optimal patient care for women at increased risk for or presenting with a new diagnosis of breast cancer. The multidisciplinary team of authors, representing the different disciplines, has selected important state-of-the-art issues that arise in their daily practices for consideration, rather than summarizing what is already available in textbooks.
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