A multi-institutional phase 2 trial of stereotactic body radiotherapy in the treatment of bone metastases in pediatric and young adult patients with sarcoma

Christen R. Elledge, Matthew J. Krasin, Matthew M. Ladra, Sara R. Alcorn, Peijin Han, Iris C. Gibbs, Susan M. Hiniker, Nadia N. Laack, Stephanie A. Terezakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Metastasectomy is standard of care for pediatric patients with metastatic sarcoma with limited disease. For patients with unresectable disease, stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) may serve as an alternative. Herein, the authors report the results of a prospective, multi-institutional phase 2 trial of SBRT in children and young adults with metastatic sarcoma. Methods: Patients aged >3 years and ≤40 years with unresected, osseous metastatic nonrhabdomyosarcoma sarcomas of soft tissue and bone were eligible. Patients received SBRT to a dose of 40 Gray (Gy) in 5 fractions. Local control (LC), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Fourteen patients with a median age of 17 years (range, 4-25 years) were treated to 37 distinct metastatic lesions. With a median follow-up of 6.8 months (30.5 months in surviving patients), the Kaplan-Meier patient-specific and lesion-specific LC rates at 6 months were 89% and 95%, respectively. The median PFS was 6 months and the median OS was 24 months. In a post hoc analysis, PFS (median, 9.3 months vs 3.7 months; log-rank P =.03) and OS (median not reached vs 12.7 months; log-rank P =.02) were improved when all known sites of metastatic disease were consolidated with SBRT compared with partial consolidation. SBRT was well tolerated, with 2 patients experiencing grade 3 toxicities. Conclusions: SBRT achieved high rates of LC in pediatric patients with inoperable metastatic nonrhabdomyosarcoma sarcomas of soft tissue and bone. These results suggest that the ability to achieve total consolidation of metastatic disease with SBRT is associated with improved PFS and OS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)739-747
Number of pages9
JournalCancer
Volume127
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • neoplasm metastasis
  • pediatrics
  • radiotherapy
  • sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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