A meta-analysis of multiple myeloma risk regions in African and European ancestry populations identifies putatively functional loci

Kristin A. Rand, Chi Song, Eric Dean, Daniel J. Serie, Karen Curtin, Xin Sheng, Donglei Hu, Carol Ann Huff, Leon Bernal-Mizrachi, H. Michael Tomasson, Sikander Ailawadhi, Seema Singhal, Karen Pawlish, Edward S. Peters, Cathryn H. Bock, Alex Stram, David J. Van Den Berg, Christopher K. Edlund, David V. Conti, Todd ZimmermanAmie E. Hwang, Scott Huntsman, John Graff, Ajay Nooka, Yinfei Kong, Silvana L. Pregja, Sonja I. Berndt, William J. Blot, John Carpten, Graham Casey, Lisa Chu, W. Ryan Diver, Victoria L. Stevens, Michael R. Lieber, Phyllis J. Goodman, Anselm J M Hennis, Ann W. Hsing, Jayesh Mehta, Rick A. Kittles, Suzanne Kolb, Eric A. Klein, Cristina Leske, Adam B. Murphy, Barbara Nemesure, Christine Neslund-Dudas, Sara S. Strom, Ravi Vij, Benjamin A. Rybicki, Janet L. Stanford, Lisa B. Signorello, John S. Witte, Christine B. Ambrosone, Parveen Bhatti, Esther M. John, Leslie Bernstein, Wei Zheng, Andrew F. Olshan, Jennifer J. Hu, Regina G. Ziegler, Sarah J. Nyante, Elisa V. Bandera, Brenda M. Birmann, Sue A. Ingles, Michael F. Press, Djordje Atanackovic, Martha J. Glenn, Lisa A. Cannon-Albright, Brandt Jones, Guido Tricot, Thomas G. Martin, Shaji K Kumar, Jeffrey L. Wolf, Sandra L. Deming Halverson, Nathaniel Rothman, Angela R. Brooks-Wilson, S Vincent Rajkumar, Laurence N. Kolonel, Stephen J. Chanock, Susan L Slager, Richard K. Severson, Nalini Janakiraman, Howard R. Terebelo, Elizabeth E. Brown, Anneclaire J. De Roos, Ann F. Mohrbacher, Graham A. Colditz, Graham G. Giles, John J. Spinelli, Brian C. Chiu, Nikhil C. Munshi, Kenneth C. Anderson, Joan Levy, Jeffrey A. Zonder, Robert Z. Orlowski, Sagar Lonial, Nicola J. Camp, Celine M Vachon, Elad Ziv, Daniel O. Stram, Dennis J. Hazelett, Christopher A. Haiman, Wendy Cozen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in European populations have identified genetic risk variants associated with multiple myeloma. Methods: We performed association testing of common variation in eight regions in 1,318 patients with multiple myeloma and 1,480 controls of European ancestry and 1,305 patients with multiple myeloma and 7,078 controls of African ancestry and conducted a meta-analysis to localize the signals, with epigenetic annotation used to predict functionality. Results: We found that variants in 7p15.3, 17p11.2, 22q13.1 were statistically significantly (P < 0.05) associated with multiple myeloma risk in persons of African ancestry and persons of European ancestry, and the variant in 3p22.1 was associated in European ancestry only. In a combined African ancestry- European ancestry meta-analysis, variation in five regions (2p23.3, 3p22.1, 7p15.3, 17p11.2, 22q13.1) was statistically significantly associated with multiple myeloma risk. In 3p22.1, the correlated variants clustered within the gene body of ULK4. Correlated variants in 7p15.3 clustered around an enhancer at the 30 end of the CDCA7L transcription termination site. A missense variant at 17p11.2 (rs34562254, Pro251Leu, OR, 1.32; P = 2.93 × 10-7) in TNFRSF13B encodes a lymphocyte-specific protein in the TNF receptor family that interacts with the NF-kB pathway. SNPs correlated with the index signal in 22q13.1 cluster around the promoter and enhancer regions of CBX7. Conclusions: We found that reported multiple myeloma susceptibility regions contain risk variants important across populations, supporting the use of multiple racial/ethnic groups with different underlying genetic architecture to enhance the localization and identification of putatively functional alleles. Impact: A subset of reported risk loci for multiple myeloma has consistent effects across populations and is likely to be functional.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1609-1618
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

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Multiple Myeloma
Meta-Analysis
Population
NF-kappa B
Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptors
Genome-Wide Association Study
Ethnic Groups
Genetic Promoter Regions
Epigenomics
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Alleles
Lymphocytes
Genes
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

Cite this

A meta-analysis of multiple myeloma risk regions in African and European ancestry populations identifies putatively functional loci. / Rand, Kristin A.; Song, Chi; Dean, Eric; Serie, Daniel J.; Curtin, Karen; Sheng, Xin; Hu, Donglei; Huff, Carol Ann; Bernal-Mizrachi, Leon; Tomasson, H. Michael; Ailawadhi, Sikander; Singhal, Seema; Pawlish, Karen; Peters, Edward S.; Bock, Cathryn H.; Stram, Alex; Van Den Berg, David J.; Edlund, Christopher K.; Conti, David V.; Zimmerman, Todd; Hwang, Amie E.; Huntsman, Scott; Graff, John; Nooka, Ajay; Kong, Yinfei; Pregja, Silvana L.; Berndt, Sonja I.; Blot, William J.; Carpten, John; Casey, Graham; Chu, Lisa; Diver, W. Ryan; Stevens, Victoria L.; Lieber, Michael R.; Goodman, Phyllis J.; Hennis, Anselm J M; Hsing, Ann W.; Mehta, Jayesh; Kittles, Rick A.; Kolb, Suzanne; Klein, Eric A.; Leske, Cristina; Murphy, Adam B.; Nemesure, Barbara; Neslund-Dudas, Christine; Strom, Sara S.; Vij, Ravi; Rybicki, Benjamin A.; Stanford, Janet L.; Signorello, Lisa B.; Witte, John S.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Bhatti, Parveen; John, Esther M.; Bernstein, Leslie; Zheng, Wei; Olshan, Andrew F.; Hu, Jennifer J.; Ziegler, Regina G.; Nyante, Sarah J.; Bandera, Elisa V.; Birmann, Brenda M.; Ingles, Sue A.; Press, Michael F.; Atanackovic, Djordje; Glenn, Martha J.; Cannon-Albright, Lisa A.; Jones, Brandt; Tricot, Guido; Martin, Thomas G.; Kumar, Shaji K; Wolf, Jeffrey L.; Deming Halverson, Sandra L.; Rothman, Nathaniel; Brooks-Wilson, Angela R.; Rajkumar, S Vincent; Kolonel, Laurence N.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Slager, Susan L; Severson, Richard K.; Janakiraman, Nalini; Terebelo, Howard R.; Brown, Elizabeth E.; De Roos, Anneclaire J.; Mohrbacher, Ann F.; Colditz, Graham A.; Giles, Graham G.; Spinelli, John J.; Chiu, Brian C.; Munshi, Nikhil C.; Anderson, Kenneth C.; Levy, Joan; Zonder, Jeffrey A.; Orlowski, Robert Z.; Lonial, Sagar; Camp, Nicola J.; Vachon, Celine M; Ziv, Elad; Stram, Daniel O.; Hazelett, Dennis J.; Haiman, Christopher A.; Cozen, Wendy.

In: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, Vol. 25, No. 12, 01.12.2016, p. 1609-1618.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rand, KA, Song, C, Dean, E, Serie, DJ, Curtin, K, Sheng, X, Hu, D, Huff, CA, Bernal-Mizrachi, L, Tomasson, HM, Ailawadhi, S, Singhal, S, Pawlish, K, Peters, ES, Bock, CH, Stram, A, Van Den Berg, DJ, Edlund, CK, Conti, DV, Zimmerman, T, Hwang, AE, Huntsman, S, Graff, J, Nooka, A, Kong, Y, Pregja, SL, Berndt, SI, Blot, WJ, Carpten, J, Casey, G, Chu, L, Diver, WR, Stevens, VL, Lieber, MR, Goodman, PJ, Hennis, AJM, Hsing, AW, Mehta, J, Kittles, RA, Kolb, S, Klein, EA, Leske, C, Murphy, AB, Nemesure, B, Neslund-Dudas, C, Strom, SS, Vij, R, Rybicki, BA, Stanford, JL, Signorello, LB, Witte, JS, Ambrosone, CB, Bhatti, P, John, EM, Bernstein, L, Zheng, W, Olshan, AF, Hu, JJ, Ziegler, RG, Nyante, SJ, Bandera, EV, Birmann, BM, Ingles, SA, Press, MF, Atanackovic, D, Glenn, MJ, Cannon-Albright, LA, Jones, B, Tricot, G, Martin, TG, Kumar, SK, Wolf, JL, Deming Halverson, SL, Rothman, N, Brooks-Wilson, AR, Rajkumar, SV, Kolonel, LN, Chanock, SJ, Slager, SL, Severson, RK, Janakiraman, N, Terebelo, HR, Brown, EE, De Roos, AJ, Mohrbacher, AF, Colditz, GA, Giles, GG, Spinelli, JJ, Chiu, BC, Munshi, NC, Anderson, KC, Levy, J, Zonder, JA, Orlowski, RZ, Lonial, S, Camp, NJ, Vachon, CM, Ziv, E, Stram, DO, Hazelett, DJ, Haiman, CA & Cozen, W 2016, 'A meta-analysis of multiple myeloma risk regions in African and European ancestry populations identifies putatively functional loci', Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1609-1618. https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-15-1193
Rand, Kristin A. ; Song, Chi ; Dean, Eric ; Serie, Daniel J. ; Curtin, Karen ; Sheng, Xin ; Hu, Donglei ; Huff, Carol Ann ; Bernal-Mizrachi, Leon ; Tomasson, H. Michael ; Ailawadhi, Sikander ; Singhal, Seema ; Pawlish, Karen ; Peters, Edward S. ; Bock, Cathryn H. ; Stram, Alex ; Van Den Berg, David J. ; Edlund, Christopher K. ; Conti, David V. ; Zimmerman, Todd ; Hwang, Amie E. ; Huntsman, Scott ; Graff, John ; Nooka, Ajay ; Kong, Yinfei ; Pregja, Silvana L. ; Berndt, Sonja I. ; Blot, William J. ; Carpten, John ; Casey, Graham ; Chu, Lisa ; Diver, W. Ryan ; Stevens, Victoria L. ; Lieber, Michael R. ; Goodman, Phyllis J. ; Hennis, Anselm J M ; Hsing, Ann W. ; Mehta, Jayesh ; Kittles, Rick A. ; Kolb, Suzanne ; Klein, Eric A. ; Leske, Cristina ; Murphy, Adam B. ; Nemesure, Barbara ; Neslund-Dudas, Christine ; Strom, Sara S. ; Vij, Ravi ; Rybicki, Benjamin A. ; Stanford, Janet L. ; Signorello, Lisa B. ; Witte, John S. ; Ambrosone, Christine B. ; Bhatti, Parveen ; John, Esther M. ; Bernstein, Leslie ; Zheng, Wei ; Olshan, Andrew F. ; Hu, Jennifer J. ; Ziegler, Regina G. ; Nyante, Sarah J. ; Bandera, Elisa V. ; Birmann, Brenda M. ; Ingles, Sue A. ; Press, Michael F. ; Atanackovic, Djordje ; Glenn, Martha J. ; Cannon-Albright, Lisa A. ; Jones, Brandt ; Tricot, Guido ; Martin, Thomas G. ; Kumar, Shaji K ; Wolf, Jeffrey L. ; Deming Halverson, Sandra L. ; Rothman, Nathaniel ; Brooks-Wilson, Angela R. ; Rajkumar, S Vincent ; Kolonel, Laurence N. ; Chanock, Stephen J. ; Slager, Susan L ; Severson, Richard K. ; Janakiraman, Nalini ; Terebelo, Howard R. ; Brown, Elizabeth E. ; De Roos, Anneclaire J. ; Mohrbacher, Ann F. ; Colditz, Graham A. ; Giles, Graham G. ; Spinelli, John J. ; Chiu, Brian C. ; Munshi, Nikhil C. ; Anderson, Kenneth C. ; Levy, Joan ; Zonder, Jeffrey A. ; Orlowski, Robert Z. ; Lonial, Sagar ; Camp, Nicola J. ; Vachon, Celine M ; Ziv, Elad ; Stram, Daniel O. ; Hazelett, Dennis J. ; Haiman, Christopher A. ; Cozen, Wendy. / A meta-analysis of multiple myeloma risk regions in African and European ancestry populations identifies putatively functional loci. In: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 12. pp. 1609-1618.
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abstract = "Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in European populations have identified genetic risk variants associated with multiple myeloma. Methods: We performed association testing of common variation in eight regions in 1,318 patients with multiple myeloma and 1,480 controls of European ancestry and 1,305 patients with multiple myeloma and 7,078 controls of African ancestry and conducted a meta-analysis to localize the signals, with epigenetic annotation used to predict functionality. Results: We found that variants in 7p15.3, 17p11.2, 22q13.1 were statistically significantly (P < 0.05) associated with multiple myeloma risk in persons of African ancestry and persons of European ancestry, and the variant in 3p22.1 was associated in European ancestry only. In a combined African ancestry- European ancestry meta-analysis, variation in five regions (2p23.3, 3p22.1, 7p15.3, 17p11.2, 22q13.1) was statistically significantly associated with multiple myeloma risk. In 3p22.1, the correlated variants clustered within the gene body of ULK4. Correlated variants in 7p15.3 clustered around an enhancer at the 30 end of the CDCA7L transcription termination site. A missense variant at 17p11.2 (rs34562254, Pro251Leu, OR, 1.32; P = 2.93 × 10-7) in TNFRSF13B encodes a lymphocyte-specific protein in the TNF receptor family that interacts with the NF-kB pathway. SNPs correlated with the index signal in 22q13.1 cluster around the promoter and enhancer regions of CBX7. Conclusions: We found that reported multiple myeloma susceptibility regions contain risk variants important across populations, supporting the use of multiple racial/ethnic groups with different underlying genetic architecture to enhance the localization and identification of putatively functional alleles. Impact: A subset of reported risk loci for multiple myeloma has consistent effects across populations and is likely to be functional.",
author = "Rand, {Kristin A.} and Chi Song and Eric Dean and Serie, {Daniel J.} and Karen Curtin and Xin Sheng and Donglei Hu and Huff, {Carol Ann} and Leon Bernal-Mizrachi and Tomasson, {H. Michael} and Sikander Ailawadhi and Seema Singhal and Karen Pawlish and Peters, {Edward S.} and Bock, {Cathryn H.} and Alex Stram and {Van Den Berg}, {David J.} and Edlund, {Christopher K.} and Conti, {David V.} and Todd Zimmerman and Hwang, {Amie E.} and Scott Huntsman and John Graff and Ajay Nooka and Yinfei Kong and Pregja, {Silvana L.} and Berndt, {Sonja I.} and Blot, {William J.} and John Carpten and Graham Casey and Lisa Chu and Diver, {W. Ryan} and Stevens, {Victoria L.} and Lieber, {Michael R.} and Goodman, {Phyllis J.} and Hennis, {Anselm J M} and Hsing, {Ann W.} and Jayesh Mehta and Kittles, {Rick A.} and Suzanne Kolb and Klein, {Eric A.} and Cristina Leske and Murphy, {Adam B.} and Barbara Nemesure and Christine Neslund-Dudas and Strom, {Sara S.} and Ravi Vij and Rybicki, {Benjamin A.} and Stanford, {Janet L.} and Signorello, {Lisa B.} and Witte, {John S.} and Ambrosone, {Christine B.} and Parveen Bhatti and John, {Esther M.} and Leslie Bernstein and Wei Zheng and Olshan, {Andrew F.} and Hu, {Jennifer J.} and Ziegler, {Regina G.} and Nyante, {Sarah J.} and Bandera, {Elisa V.} and Birmann, {Brenda M.} and Ingles, {Sue A.} and Press, {Michael F.} and Djordje Atanackovic and Glenn, {Martha J.} and Cannon-Albright, {Lisa A.} and Brandt Jones and Guido Tricot and Martin, {Thomas G.} and Kumar, {Shaji K} and Wolf, {Jeffrey L.} and {Deming Halverson}, {Sandra L.} and Nathaniel Rothman and Brooks-Wilson, {Angela R.} and Rajkumar, {S Vincent} and Kolonel, {Laurence N.} and Chanock, {Stephen J.} and Slager, {Susan L} and Severson, {Richard K.} and Nalini Janakiraman and Terebelo, {Howard R.} and Brown, {Elizabeth E.} and {De Roos}, {Anneclaire J.} and Mohrbacher, {Ann F.} and Colditz, {Graham A.} and Giles, {Graham G.} and Spinelli, {John J.} and Chiu, {Brian C.} and Munshi, {Nikhil C.} and Anderson, {Kenneth C.} and Joan Levy and Zonder, {Jeffrey A.} and Orlowski, {Robert Z.} and Sagar Lonial and Camp, {Nicola J.} and Vachon, {Celine M} and Elad Ziv and Stram, {Daniel O.} and Hazelett, {Dennis J.} and Haiman, {Christopher A.} and Wendy Cozen",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - A meta-analysis of multiple myeloma risk regions in African and European ancestry populations identifies putatively functional loci

AU - Rand, Kristin A.

AU - Song, Chi

AU - Dean, Eric

AU - Serie, Daniel J.

AU - Curtin, Karen

AU - Sheng, Xin

AU - Hu, Donglei

AU - Huff, Carol Ann

AU - Bernal-Mizrachi, Leon

AU - Tomasson, H. Michael

AU - Ailawadhi, Sikander

AU - Singhal, Seema

AU - Pawlish, Karen

AU - Peters, Edward S.

AU - Bock, Cathryn H.

AU - Stram, Alex

AU - Van Den Berg, David J.

AU - Edlund, Christopher K.

AU - Conti, David V.

AU - Zimmerman, Todd

AU - Hwang, Amie E.

AU - Huntsman, Scott

AU - Graff, John

AU - Nooka, Ajay

AU - Kong, Yinfei

AU - Pregja, Silvana L.

AU - Berndt, Sonja I.

AU - Blot, William J.

AU - Carpten, John

AU - Casey, Graham

AU - Chu, Lisa

AU - Diver, W. Ryan

AU - Stevens, Victoria L.

AU - Lieber, Michael R.

AU - Goodman, Phyllis J.

AU - Hennis, Anselm J M

AU - Hsing, Ann W.

AU - Mehta, Jayesh

AU - Kittles, Rick A.

AU - Kolb, Suzanne

AU - Klein, Eric A.

AU - Leske, Cristina

AU - Murphy, Adam B.

AU - Nemesure, Barbara

AU - Neslund-Dudas, Christine

AU - Strom, Sara S.

AU - Vij, Ravi

AU - Rybicki, Benjamin A.

AU - Stanford, Janet L.

AU - Signorello, Lisa B.

AU - Witte, John S.

AU - Ambrosone, Christine B.

AU - Bhatti, Parveen

AU - John, Esther M.

AU - Bernstein, Leslie

AU - Zheng, Wei

AU - Olshan, Andrew F.

AU - Hu, Jennifer J.

AU - Ziegler, Regina G.

AU - Nyante, Sarah J.

AU - Bandera, Elisa V.

AU - Birmann, Brenda M.

AU - Ingles, Sue A.

AU - Press, Michael F.

AU - Atanackovic, Djordje

AU - Glenn, Martha J.

AU - Cannon-Albright, Lisa A.

AU - Jones, Brandt

AU - Tricot, Guido

AU - Martin, Thomas G.

AU - Kumar, Shaji K

AU - Wolf, Jeffrey L.

AU - Deming Halverson, Sandra L.

AU - Rothman, Nathaniel

AU - Brooks-Wilson, Angela R.

AU - Rajkumar, S Vincent

AU - Kolonel, Laurence N.

AU - Chanock, Stephen J.

AU - Slager, Susan L

AU - Severson, Richard K.

AU - Janakiraman, Nalini

AU - Terebelo, Howard R.

AU - Brown, Elizabeth E.

AU - De Roos, Anneclaire J.

AU - Mohrbacher, Ann F.

AU - Colditz, Graham A.

AU - Giles, Graham G.

AU - Spinelli, John J.

AU - Chiu, Brian C.

AU - Munshi, Nikhil C.

AU - Anderson, Kenneth C.

AU - Levy, Joan

AU - Zonder, Jeffrey A.

AU - Orlowski, Robert Z.

AU - Lonial, Sagar

AU - Camp, Nicola J.

AU - Vachon, Celine M

AU - Ziv, Elad

AU - Stram, Daniel O.

AU - Hazelett, Dennis J.

AU - Haiman, Christopher A.

AU - Cozen, Wendy

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in European populations have identified genetic risk variants associated with multiple myeloma. Methods: We performed association testing of common variation in eight regions in 1,318 patients with multiple myeloma and 1,480 controls of European ancestry and 1,305 patients with multiple myeloma and 7,078 controls of African ancestry and conducted a meta-analysis to localize the signals, with epigenetic annotation used to predict functionality. Results: We found that variants in 7p15.3, 17p11.2, 22q13.1 were statistically significantly (P < 0.05) associated with multiple myeloma risk in persons of African ancestry and persons of European ancestry, and the variant in 3p22.1 was associated in European ancestry only. In a combined African ancestry- European ancestry meta-analysis, variation in five regions (2p23.3, 3p22.1, 7p15.3, 17p11.2, 22q13.1) was statistically significantly associated with multiple myeloma risk. In 3p22.1, the correlated variants clustered within the gene body of ULK4. Correlated variants in 7p15.3 clustered around an enhancer at the 30 end of the CDCA7L transcription termination site. A missense variant at 17p11.2 (rs34562254, Pro251Leu, OR, 1.32; P = 2.93 × 10-7) in TNFRSF13B encodes a lymphocyte-specific protein in the TNF receptor family that interacts with the NF-kB pathway. SNPs correlated with the index signal in 22q13.1 cluster around the promoter and enhancer regions of CBX7. Conclusions: We found that reported multiple myeloma susceptibility regions contain risk variants important across populations, supporting the use of multiple racial/ethnic groups with different underlying genetic architecture to enhance the localization and identification of putatively functional alleles. Impact: A subset of reported risk loci for multiple myeloma has consistent effects across populations and is likely to be functional.

AB - Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in European populations have identified genetic risk variants associated with multiple myeloma. Methods: We performed association testing of common variation in eight regions in 1,318 patients with multiple myeloma and 1,480 controls of European ancestry and 1,305 patients with multiple myeloma and 7,078 controls of African ancestry and conducted a meta-analysis to localize the signals, with epigenetic annotation used to predict functionality. Results: We found that variants in 7p15.3, 17p11.2, 22q13.1 were statistically significantly (P < 0.05) associated with multiple myeloma risk in persons of African ancestry and persons of European ancestry, and the variant in 3p22.1 was associated in European ancestry only. In a combined African ancestry- European ancestry meta-analysis, variation in five regions (2p23.3, 3p22.1, 7p15.3, 17p11.2, 22q13.1) was statistically significantly associated with multiple myeloma risk. In 3p22.1, the correlated variants clustered within the gene body of ULK4. Correlated variants in 7p15.3 clustered around an enhancer at the 30 end of the CDCA7L transcription termination site. A missense variant at 17p11.2 (rs34562254, Pro251Leu, OR, 1.32; P = 2.93 × 10-7) in TNFRSF13B encodes a lymphocyte-specific protein in the TNF receptor family that interacts with the NF-kB pathway. SNPs correlated with the index signal in 22q13.1 cluster around the promoter and enhancer regions of CBX7. Conclusions: We found that reported multiple myeloma susceptibility regions contain risk variants important across populations, supporting the use of multiple racial/ethnic groups with different underlying genetic architecture to enhance the localization and identification of putatively functional alleles. Impact: A subset of reported risk loci for multiple myeloma has consistent effects across populations and is likely to be functional.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85006255902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85006255902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-15-1193

DO - 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-15-1193

M3 - Article

C2 - 27587788

AN - SCOPUS:85006255902

VL - 25

SP - 1609

EP - 1618

JO - Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention

JF - Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention

SN - 1055-9965

IS - 12

ER -