A matter of race: Early-versus late-stage cancer diagnosis

Beth A. Virnig, Nancy N. Baxter, Elizabeth B. Habermann, Roger D. Feldman, Cathy J. Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compared the stage at which cancer is diagnosed and survival rates between African Americans and whites, for thirty-four solid tumors, using the population-based Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. Whites were diagnosed at earlier stages than African Americans for thirty-one of the thirty-four tumor sites. Whites were significantly more likely than blacks to survive five years for twenty-six tumor sites; no cancer site had significantly superior survival among African Americans. These differences cannot be explained by screening behavior or risk factors; they point instead to the need for broad-based strategies to remedy racial inequality in cancer survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-168
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Affairs
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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  • Cite this

    Virnig, B. A., Baxter, N. N., Habermann, E. B., Feldman, R. D., & Bradley, C. J. (2009). A matter of race: Early-versus late-stage cancer diagnosis. Health Affairs, 28(1), 160-168. https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.28.1.160