A Matched-Pair Analysis Comparing Whole-Brain Radiotherapy Plus Stereotactic Radiosurgery Versus Surgery Plus Whole-Brain Radiotherapy and a Boost to the Metastatic Site for One or Two Brain Metastases

Dirk Rades, Jan Dirk Kueter, Andre Pluemer, Theo Veninga, Steven E. Schild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the results of whole-brain radiotherapy plus stereotactic radiosurgery (WBRT+SRS) with those of surgery plus whole-brain radiotherapy and a boost to the metastatic site (OP+WBRT+boost) for patients with one or two brain metastases. Methods and Materials: Survival, intracerebral control, and local control of the treated metastases were retrospectively evaluated. To reduce the risk of selection bias, a matched-pair analysis was performed. The outcomes of 47 patients who received WBRT+SRS were compared with those of a second cohort of 47 patients who recieved OP+WBRT+boost. The two treatment groups were matched for the following potential prognostic factors: WBRT schedule, age, gender, performance status, tumor type, number of brain metastases, extracerebral metastases, recursive partitioning analysis class, and interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT. Results: The 1-year survival rates were 65% after WBRT+SRS and 63% after OP+WBRT+boost (p = 0.19). The 1-year intracerebral control rates were 70% and 78% (p = 0.39), respectively. The 1-year local control rates were 84% and 83% (p = 0.87), respectively. On multivariate analyses, improved survival was significantly associated with better performance status (p = 0.009), no extracerebral metastases (p = 0.004), recursive partitioning analysis Class 1 (p = 0.004), and interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT (p = 0.001). Intracerebral control was not significantly associated with any of the potential prognostic factors. Improved local control was significantly associated with no extracerebral metastases (p = 0.037). Conclusions: Treatment outcomes were not significantly different after WBRT+SRS compared with OP+WBRT+boost. However, WBRT+SRS is less invasive than OP+WBRT+boost and may be preferable for patients with one or two brain metastases. The results should be confirmed by randomized trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1077-1081
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2009

Fingerprint

Matched-Pair Analysis
Radiosurgery
metastasis
acceleration (physics)
surgery
brain
radiation therapy
Radiotherapy
Neoplasm Metastasis
Brain
tumors
intervals
Survival
Selection Bias
schedules
Brain Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Appointments and Schedules
Research Design
Multivariate Analysis

Keywords

  • Brain metastases
  • Brain surgery
  • Radiation boost
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

A Matched-Pair Analysis Comparing Whole-Brain Radiotherapy Plus Stereotactic Radiosurgery Versus Surgery Plus Whole-Brain Radiotherapy and a Boost to the Metastatic Site for One or Two Brain Metastases. / Rades, Dirk; Kueter, Jan Dirk; Pluemer, Andre; Veninga, Theo; Schild, Steven E.

In: International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, Vol. 73, No. 4, 15.03.2009, p. 1077-1081.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6d429095e2fa41f8b8fc65094f25fd00,
title = "A Matched-Pair Analysis Comparing Whole-Brain Radiotherapy Plus Stereotactic Radiosurgery Versus Surgery Plus Whole-Brain Radiotherapy and a Boost to the Metastatic Site for One or Two Brain Metastases",
abstract = "Purpose: To compare the results of whole-brain radiotherapy plus stereotactic radiosurgery (WBRT+SRS) with those of surgery plus whole-brain radiotherapy and a boost to the metastatic site (OP+WBRT+boost) for patients with one or two brain metastases. Methods and Materials: Survival, intracerebral control, and local control of the treated metastases were retrospectively evaluated. To reduce the risk of selection bias, a matched-pair analysis was performed. The outcomes of 47 patients who received WBRT+SRS were compared with those of a second cohort of 47 patients who recieved OP+WBRT+boost. The two treatment groups were matched for the following potential prognostic factors: WBRT schedule, age, gender, performance status, tumor type, number of brain metastases, extracerebral metastases, recursive partitioning analysis class, and interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT. Results: The 1-year survival rates were 65{\%} after WBRT+SRS and 63{\%} after OP+WBRT+boost (p = 0.19). The 1-year intracerebral control rates were 70{\%} and 78{\%} (p = 0.39), respectively. The 1-year local control rates were 84{\%} and 83{\%} (p = 0.87), respectively. On multivariate analyses, improved survival was significantly associated with better performance status (p = 0.009), no extracerebral metastases (p = 0.004), recursive partitioning analysis Class 1 (p = 0.004), and interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT (p = 0.001). Intracerebral control was not significantly associated with any of the potential prognostic factors. Improved local control was significantly associated with no extracerebral metastases (p = 0.037). Conclusions: Treatment outcomes were not significantly different after WBRT+SRS compared with OP+WBRT+boost. However, WBRT+SRS is less invasive than OP+WBRT+boost and may be preferable for patients with one or two brain metastases. The results should be confirmed by randomized trials.",
keywords = "Brain metastases, Brain surgery, Radiation boost, Stereotactic radiosurgery, Treatment outcome",
author = "Dirk Rades and Kueter, {Jan Dirk} and Andre Pluemer and Theo Veninga and Schild, {Steven E.}",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.05.035",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "73",
pages = "1077--1081",
journal = "International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics",
issn = "0360-3016",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Matched-Pair Analysis Comparing Whole-Brain Radiotherapy Plus Stereotactic Radiosurgery Versus Surgery Plus Whole-Brain Radiotherapy and a Boost to the Metastatic Site for One or Two Brain Metastases

AU - Rades, Dirk

AU - Kueter, Jan Dirk

AU - Pluemer, Andre

AU - Veninga, Theo

AU - Schild, Steven E.

PY - 2009/3/15

Y1 - 2009/3/15

N2 - Purpose: To compare the results of whole-brain radiotherapy plus stereotactic radiosurgery (WBRT+SRS) with those of surgery plus whole-brain radiotherapy and a boost to the metastatic site (OP+WBRT+boost) for patients with one or two brain metastases. Methods and Materials: Survival, intracerebral control, and local control of the treated metastases were retrospectively evaluated. To reduce the risk of selection bias, a matched-pair analysis was performed. The outcomes of 47 patients who received WBRT+SRS were compared with those of a second cohort of 47 patients who recieved OP+WBRT+boost. The two treatment groups were matched for the following potential prognostic factors: WBRT schedule, age, gender, performance status, tumor type, number of brain metastases, extracerebral metastases, recursive partitioning analysis class, and interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT. Results: The 1-year survival rates were 65% after WBRT+SRS and 63% after OP+WBRT+boost (p = 0.19). The 1-year intracerebral control rates were 70% and 78% (p = 0.39), respectively. The 1-year local control rates were 84% and 83% (p = 0.87), respectively. On multivariate analyses, improved survival was significantly associated with better performance status (p = 0.009), no extracerebral metastases (p = 0.004), recursive partitioning analysis Class 1 (p = 0.004), and interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT (p = 0.001). Intracerebral control was not significantly associated with any of the potential prognostic factors. Improved local control was significantly associated with no extracerebral metastases (p = 0.037). Conclusions: Treatment outcomes were not significantly different after WBRT+SRS compared with OP+WBRT+boost. However, WBRT+SRS is less invasive than OP+WBRT+boost and may be preferable for patients with one or two brain metastases. The results should be confirmed by randomized trials.

AB - Purpose: To compare the results of whole-brain radiotherapy plus stereotactic radiosurgery (WBRT+SRS) with those of surgery plus whole-brain radiotherapy and a boost to the metastatic site (OP+WBRT+boost) for patients with one or two brain metastases. Methods and Materials: Survival, intracerebral control, and local control of the treated metastases were retrospectively evaluated. To reduce the risk of selection bias, a matched-pair analysis was performed. The outcomes of 47 patients who received WBRT+SRS were compared with those of a second cohort of 47 patients who recieved OP+WBRT+boost. The two treatment groups were matched for the following potential prognostic factors: WBRT schedule, age, gender, performance status, tumor type, number of brain metastases, extracerebral metastases, recursive partitioning analysis class, and interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT. Results: The 1-year survival rates were 65% after WBRT+SRS and 63% after OP+WBRT+boost (p = 0.19). The 1-year intracerebral control rates were 70% and 78% (p = 0.39), respectively. The 1-year local control rates were 84% and 83% (p = 0.87), respectively. On multivariate analyses, improved survival was significantly associated with better performance status (p = 0.009), no extracerebral metastases (p = 0.004), recursive partitioning analysis Class 1 (p = 0.004), and interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT (p = 0.001). Intracerebral control was not significantly associated with any of the potential prognostic factors. Improved local control was significantly associated with no extracerebral metastases (p = 0.037). Conclusions: Treatment outcomes were not significantly different after WBRT+SRS compared with OP+WBRT+boost. However, WBRT+SRS is less invasive than OP+WBRT+boost and may be preferable for patients with one or two brain metastases. The results should be confirmed by randomized trials.

KW - Brain metastases

KW - Brain surgery

KW - Radiation boost

KW - Stereotactic radiosurgery

KW - Treatment outcome

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=61349193183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=61349193183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.05.035

DO - 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.05.035

M3 - Article

VL - 73

SP - 1077

EP - 1081

JO - International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

JF - International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

SN - 0360-3016

IS - 4

ER -