A Joint Model for Predicting Structural and Functional Brain Health in Elderly Individuals

Yogatheesan Varatharajah, Krishnakant Saboo, Ravishankar Iyer, Scott Przybelski, Christopher Schwarz, Ronald Petersen, Clifford Jack, Prashanthi Vemuri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a machine-learning-based joint model of brain age and cognitive performance, and demonstrates its superior performance relative to isolated models. Previous studies have chosen to study those two measures of brain health separately for two reasons: 1) although cognition can be measured regardless of an individual's health, brain-age ground-truth can be defined only for healthy individuals; and 2) while brain-age models are developed using neuroimaging data alone, modeling of cognitive performance additionally requires measures of cognitive reserve and biomarkers of cognitive disorders. However, those two measures are biologically related to each other, because they both depend on brain structure. Hence, we developed a joint model by 1) explicitly defining the commonalities and differences between them in a graph, and 2) converting that graph into a multitask-learning model to facilitate learning from population-level data. Our model took as inputs structural neuroimaging data and information related to cognitive reserve and disorders, and predicted brain age and cognitive performance in terms of a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score. We implemented linear and nonlinear joint models and compared them against isolated models. Our results indicate that joint modeling substantially improves the accuracy of the modeling of individual measures, relative to isolated models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019
EditorsIllhoi Yoo, Jinbo Bi, Xiaohua Tony Hu
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1657-1664
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728118673
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Nov 18 2019Nov 21 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period11/18/1911/21/19

Keywords

  • Brain age
  • Brain health
  • Cognition
  • Machine learning
  • Neuroimaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Health Informatics
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Joint Model for Predicting Structural and Functional Brain Health in Elderly Individuals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Varatharajah, Y., Saboo, K., Iyer, R., Przybelski, S., Schwarz, C., Petersen, R., Jack, C., & Vemuri, P. (2019). A Joint Model for Predicting Structural and Functional Brain Health in Elderly Individuals. In I. Yoo, J. Bi, & X. T. Hu (Eds.), Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019 (pp. 1657-1664). [8983291] (Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/BIBM47256.2019.8983291