Background: We sought to determine whether a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel reduces myocardial infarct size compared with a 300-mg dose using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: In 198 patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging was performed a median of 7 days after the index event. Infarct size was measured on delayed-enhancement imaging, and area at risk (AAR) was quantified on T2-weighted images. Results: Baseline characteristics were not significantly different between the 600-mg clopidogrel loading group (n = 117) and the 300-mg group (n = 81). The median infarct size was significantly smaller in the 600-mg group than in the 300-mg group (17.3% [8.9%-26.2%] vs 21.7% [12.9%-30.0%], P =.03). Myocardial salvage index ([AAR - infarct size] × 100/AAR) was greater in the 600-mg group than in the 300-mg group (47.7 [33.7-60.9] vs 32.0 [23.6-51.5], P <.01). Patients in the 600-mg group also had a significantly lower extent of microvascular obstruction and smaller number of segments with >75% of infarct transmurality than did those in the 300-mg group. After propensity score matching, the 600-mg group had smaller infarct size and greater myocardial salvage index compared with the 300-mg group. In multivariate analysis, the use of a 600-mg clopidogrel loading dose significantly reduced the risk of a large infarct (odds ratio 0.53, 95% CI 0.29-0.98, P =.04). Conclusions: In patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI, a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel reduced myocardial infarct size and improved myocardial salvage compared with a 300-mg loading dose.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine