A germline point mutation in Runx1 uncouples its role in definitive hematopoiesis from differentiation

Christopher R. Dowdy, Dana Frederick, Sayyed K. Zaidi, Jennifer L. Colby, Jane B. Lian, Andre J. Van Wijnen, Rachel M. Gerstein, Janet L. Stein, Gary S. Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Definitive hematopoiesis requires the master hematopoietic transcription factor Runx1, which is a frequent target of leukemia-related chromosomal translocations. Several of the translocation-generated fusion proteins retain the DNA binding activity of Runx1, but lose subnuclear targeting and associated transactivation potential. Complete loss of these functions invivo resembles Runx1 ablation, which causes embryonic lethality. We developed a knock-in mouse that expresses full-length Runx1 with a mutation in the subnuclear targeting cofactor interaction domain, Runx1HTY350-352AAA. Mutant mice survive to adulthood, and hematopoietic stem cell emergence appears to be unaltered. However, defects are observed in multiple differentiated hematopoietic lineages at stages where Runx1 is known to play key roles. Thus,a germline mutation in Runx1 reveals uncoupling of its functions during developmental hematopoiesis from subsequent differentiation across multiple hematopoietic lineages in the adult. These findings indicate that subnuclear targeting and cofactor interactions with Runx1 are important in many compartments throughout hematopoietic differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)980-991.e1
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume41
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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    Dowdy, C. R., Frederick, D., Zaidi, S. K., Colby, J. L., Lian, J. B., Van Wijnen, A. J., Gerstein, R. M., Stein, J. L., & Stein, G. S. (2013). A germline point mutation in Runx1 uncouples its role in definitive hematopoiesis from differentiation. Experimental Hematology, 41(11), 980-991.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exphem.2013.06.006