Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of losartan ± hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) versus placebo in obese patients with systolic and diastolic hypertension. Research design and methods: Randomized patients (n = 261) were non-diabetic with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 and ≤ 180 mmHg and diastolic BP (DBP) ≥ 95 and ≤ 115 mmHg, body mass index > 30 kg/m2, and waist circumference > 40 (males)/> 35 (females) inches. Patients were randomized to placebo or a forced titration of losartan 50 mg titrated at 4-week intervals to losartan 100 mg, losartan 100 mg/HCTZ 12.5 mg, and losartan 100 mg/HCTZ 25 mg. Primary efficacy measurements were change from baseline in SBP and DBP at 12 weeks. Secondary measurements were change from baseline in BPs at 8 and 16 weeks, percent responders at 12 and 16 weeks, and safety/tolerability. Post-hoc analyses were BP at 4 weeks and achievement of controlled BP (SBP < 140 and/or DBP < 90 mmHg) at 12 and 16 weeks. Results: Losartan 50 mg reduced BP from 151.6/99.2 mmHg at baseline to 140.1/89.8 mmHg at week 4 (post hoc), 139.5/89.6 mmHg with losartan 100 mg at week 8 (secondary), 134.3/85.9 mmHg with losartan 100 mg/HCTZ 12.5 mg at week 12 (primary), and 132.1/84.9 mmHg with losartan 100 mg/HCTZ 50 mg at week 16 (secondary) (all p < 0.05). Rates of clinical adverse experiences were similar between treatment groups. A limitation of these analyses is the relatively rapid rate of study drug titration, which may not have allowed for the evaluation of the full treatment effect at each titration step. Conclusions: We conclude that losartan alone or in combination with HCTZ was generally well tolerated and effective in the treatment of elevated systolic and diastolic BP in obese patients with hypertension.
- Clinical trial
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