Epidemiological and experimental evidence indicates that aspirin can protect against colorectal cancer. Aspirin inhibits cyclooxygenase enzymes and blocks prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis. Using rectal PGE2levels as a mucosal biomarker, we sought to determine the optimal aspirin dose that would significantly suppress PGE2levels for chemoprevention trials. We conducted a randomized, double-blinded study in 60 subjects with prior sporadic colorectal adenoma(s) and evaluated three aspirin doses (81, 325, and 650 mg) or placebo taken daily for 4 weeks. PGE2levels in rectal biopsies performed at baseline and week 4 were analyzed by competitive immunoassay. Plasma salicylate levels, pill counts, and subject calendars were used to assess compliance. The 81-mg aspirin dose significantly suppressed PGE2levels relative to placebo (P = 0.005) and did so to an equivalent extent as did higher doses (P > 0.4) in evaluable subjects (n = 55) over a 4-week treatment period. Serum salicylate levels were associated with aspirin dose (P = 0.0002). Pill counts and calendars indicated that >98% of doses were taken by all subjects. No adverse events occurred in this short-term study. The 81-mg daily aspirin dose suppressed PGE2levels to an equivalent extent as did the 650-mg dose and supports the use of this dose for chemoprevention trials.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2002|
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