Amplification of oncogenes is an important mechanism that can cause gene overexpression and contributes to tumor development. The identification of amplified regions might have both prognostic and therapeutic significance. We used primary lung carcinomas and lung cancer cell lines for restriction landmark genomic scanning (RLGS) to identify novel amplified sequences. Enhanced RLGS fragments that indicate gene amplification were observed in primary tumors and lung cancer cell lines of both non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. We identified one novel amplicon on chromosome 11q22, in addition to previously reported amplicons that include oncogenes MYCC, MYCL1 and previously identified amplification of chromosomal regions 6q21 and 3q26-27. Amplification of 11q22 has been reported in other types of cancer and was refined to an ∼1.19 Mbp region for which the complete sequence is available. Based on a patient sample with a small region of low-level amplification we were able to further narrow this region to 0.92 Mbp. Genes localized in this region include two inhibitors of apoptosis (cIAP1 and cIAP2). Immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis identified cIAP1 and cIAP2 as potential oncogenes in this region as both are overexpressed in multiple lung cancers with or without higher copy numbers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology