BACKGROUND: T-peak to T-end (TPE) interval on the electrocardiogram is a measure of myocardial dispersion of repolarization and is associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias. The genetic factors affecting the TPE interval are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To identify common genetic variants that affect the duration of the TPE interval in the general population. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study on 1870 individuals of Finnish origin participating in the Health 2000 Study. The TPE interval was measured from T-peak to T-wave end in leads II, V2, and V5 on resting electrocardiograms, and the mean of these TPE intervals was adjusted for age, sex, and Cornell voltage-duration product. We sought replication for a genome-wide significant result in the 3745 subjects from the Framingham Heart Study. RESULTS: We identified a locus on 17q24 that was associated with the TPE interval. The minor allele of the common variant rs7219669 was associated with a 1.8-ms shortening of the TPE interval (P = 1.1 × 10-10). The association was replicated in the Framingham Heart Study (-1.5 ms; P = 1.3 × 10-4). The overall effect estimate of rs7219669 in the 2 studies was -1.7 ms (P = 5.7 × 10-14). The common variant rs7219669 maps downstream of the KCNJ2 gene, in which rare mutations cause congenital long and short QT syndromes. CONCLUSION: The common variant rs7219669 is associated with the TPE interval and is thus a candidate to modify repolarization-related arrhythmia susceptibility in individuals carrying the major allele of this polymorphism.
- T wave
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)