A clinical approach to constipation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations


The economic impact of constipation is large. The condition prompts an estimated 2.5 million physician visits per year, with 100,000 referrals to gastroenterologists. Almost all (85%) of these physician visits result in a prescription for a laxative. Each year, Americans spend ∼$800 million on laxatives. For patients referred for diagnostic evaluation, the average cost is ∼$3000, mostly due to the cost of colonoscopy. This article discusses the pathophysiology of constipation and presents a practical approach to evaluating and treating this disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalClinical cornerstone
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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