A Case Report of a Wenckebach Phenomenon Occurring during a His-Bundle Pacing Procedure: Is It Atrioventricular Node Pacing?

Chengming Ma, Wenwen Li, Yongmei Cha, Yunlong Xia, Lianjun Gao, Yingxue Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A 70-year-old man with severe valvular cardiomyopathy, permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) with a slow ventricular response, and transient atrioventricular (AV) block, was admitted to our center for severe heart failure and recurrent presyncope. While hospitalized, the coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed huge atriums. We tried His bundle pacing (HBP). HB potential was observed at site A, and the His-ventricular (HV) interval was 68 ms. The duration from the stimulus signal to the onset of paced QRS (S-QRSonset) at site A was 232 ms when pacing at 60 beats per minute (BPM) with the pacing threshold of 2.0 V/0.5 ms. The S-QRSonset was longer than the HV interval and had a notable and progressive prolongation from 252 ms to 456 ms during the pacing at 90 BPM. Then, we pushed another lead a little forward, and the S-QRSonset shortened back to 68 ms, and the paced QRS morphology was the same as the intrinsic QRS morphology with the pacing threshold of 1.5 V/0.5 ms. The progressively prolonged S-QRSonset demonstrated a Wenckebach phenomenon (WP), a well-known electrophysiological characteristic of the AV node (AVN). It is the first time to report an intraoperative AVN-pacing related-WP in a patient with persistent AF. The enlarged atrium might be convenient for capturing the AVN. There are some other potential explanations for this phenomenon. The diameters of atriums decreased significantly, and the symptoms improved after the procedure. This is the first reported case in which we might achieve AVN capture in a patient with persistent AF. Although we ultimately chose HBP for better long-term pacing thresholds, the result of this case suggested that AVN pacing may be possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number231
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • atrioventricular node
  • His-bundle pacing
  • Wenckebach phenomenon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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