3D Virtual Broncoscopy before FETO Procedure in a Fetus with Severe, Isolated Left Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Gabriele Tonni, Rodrigo Ruano, Renato Sà, Fernando Maia Peixoto Filho, Jorge Lopes, Heron Werner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a life-threatening event in severe forms and fetuses affected may benefit from in utero treatment by fetoscopic endotracheal occlusion (FETO). Materials and Methods: Application of 3D virtual bronchoscopy in a case of severe, isolated, left CDH before performing FETO procedure at 27 week's gestation is reported. Results: The 3D virtual imaging of the fetal trachea was technically useful in planning the real FETO procedure. FETO successfully promoted fetal lung growth by decreasing the herniation of abdominal organs into the thorax and decreasing the risk of pulmonary hypoplasia. Ultrasound calculation of lung to head ratio (LHR) and fetal-MRI were used to assess lung development following FETO procedure. Conclusion: 3D virtual fetal reality enabled the fetal surgeon to review and navigate on demand inside the upper airway, reducing the risk of unexpected intervention complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-139
Number of pages6
JournalFetal and Pediatric Pathology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 4 2018



  • 3D virtual reality
  • congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • fetal MRI
  • fetal surgery
  • FETO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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