3D figure of epilepsy syndromes

Rima Nabbout, Mathieu Kuchenbuch, Paolo Tinuper, J. Helen Cross, Elaine Wirrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We propose an instructive figure that summarized the classification of epilepsy syndromes according to the 2022 report of the ILAE Task Force on Nosology and Definitions. Our aim is to present on the same figure different concepts such as the names of epilepsy syndromes, their extreme and classical ages of onset, their epilepsy types (generalized, focal, or generalized and focal) but also their membership in groups of epilepsy syndromes as for self-limited or developmental and epileptic encephalopathies. With this figure, we provide an interactive tool, as supplementary data, helping to present this classification and link it to electro-clinical mandatory, alerts, and exclusionary criteria of each syndrome, in accordance with the ILAE position papers on syndromes classification and nosology. This report may be used as an illustrative tool for teaching epilepsy syndromes and as a practical and comprehensive aid for the classification of epilepsy individuals' syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEpilepsia Open
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • developmental and epileptic encephalopathy
  • epilepsy syndromes
  • interactive classification
  • self-limited epilepsies
  • teaching tool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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