30-day hospital readmission of older adults using care transitions after hospitalization: A pilot prospective cohort study

Paul Y. Takahashi, Lindsey R. Haas, Stephanie M. Quigg, Ivana T. Croghan, James M. Naessens, Nilay D. Shah, Gregory J. Hanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Patients leaving the hospital are at increased risk of functional decline and hospital readmission. The Employee and Community Health service at Mayo Clinic in Rochester developed a care transition program (CTP) to provide home-based care services for medically complex patients. The study objective was to determine the relationship between CTP use, 30-day hospital readmission, and Emergency Room (ER) visits for adults over 60 years with high Elder Risk Assessment scores. Patients and methods: This was a pilot prospective cohort study that included 20 patients that used the CTP and 20 patients discharged from the hospital without using the CTP. The medically complex study patients were drawn from the department of Employee and Community Health population between October 14, 2011 and September 27, 2012. The primary outcomes were 30-day hospital readmission or ER visit after discharge from the hospital. The secondary outcomes were within-group changes in grip strength, gait speed, and quality of life (QOL). Patients underwent two study visits, one at baseline and one at 30 days postbaseline. The primary analysis included time-to-event from baseline to rehospitalization or ER visit. Paired t-tests were used for secondary outcomes, with continuous scores. Results: Of the 40 patients enrolled, 36 completed all study visits. The 30-day hospital readmission rates for usual care patients were 10.5% compared with no readmissions for CTP patients. There were 31.6% ER visits in the UC group and 11.8% in the CTP group (P = 0.37). The secondary analysis showed some improvement in physical QOL scores (pre: 32.7; post: 39.4) for the CTP participants (P < 0.01) and no differences in gait speed or grip strength. Conclusion: Based on this pilot study of care transition, we found nonsignificant lower hospital and ER utilization rates and improved physical QOL scores for patients in the CTP group. However, the data leads us to recommend future studies with larger sample sizes (N = 250).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)729-736
Number of pages8
JournalClinical interventions in aging
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 28 2013

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Keywords

  • Case management
  • Cohort study
  • Frailty
  • Geriatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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