Sulfation is an important pathway in the biotransformation of many drugs, xenobiotic compounds, neurotransmitters, and hormones. The sulfate donor for these reactions is 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS). We set out to determine whether PAPS might serve as a photoaffinity ligand for sulfotransferase enzymes. UV irradiation of [35S]PAPS with partially purified human liver thermostable (TS) phenol sulfotransferase (PST) radioactively labeled a protein with a molecular mass of 35 kDa, as estimated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Photoaffinity labeling of TS PST with [35S]PAPS did not reguire the presence of a phenolic substrate but rather was inhibited by P-nitrophenol, a sulfate acceptor substrate for TS PST. Inhibitors of TS PST enzymatic activity, including 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphate, ATP, ADP, and 2,6-dichloro-4-nitrophenol, also inhibited photoaffinity labeling of the 35-kDa protein with [35S]PAPS, in a concentration-dependent fashion, with IC50 values of 14 μM, 2.1 mM, 7.7 mM, and 91 μM, respectively. The 35-kDa protein that was radioactively labeled by [35S]PAPS in the presence of UV light coeluted with TS PST enzymatic activity during gel filtration high performance liquid chromatography. [35S]PAPS was then used to photoaffinity label another sulfotransferase enzyme, the thermolabile (TL) form of PST partially purified from human liver. Therefore, [35S]PAPS appears to be a photoaffinity ligand that could be used to study a variety of PAPS-dependent sulfotransferases. Photoaffinity labeling of TS and TL PST, as wellas other PAPS-dependent sulfotransferases, should enhance our ability to purify this important group of enzymes and to determine amino acid sequences at or near their active sites.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine