Background We reported favorable 1-year outcomes in patients unsuitable for surgery who underwent self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) compared with an objective performance goal. Longer-term outcomes in these patients are not known. Objectives This study sought to evaluate the 2-year safety and efficacy in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) at extreme risk of surgery treated with self-expanding TAVR. Methods We performed a prospective, multicenter, controlled, nonrandomized investigation of self-expanding TAVR in patients with severe AS and prohibitive surgical risk. We report the 2-year clinical outcomes in these patients. Results A total of 489 extreme-risk patients were treated transfemorally with a self-expanding aortic bioprosthesis at 41 centers. The rate of all-cause mortality or major stroke was 38.0% at 2 years (all-cause mortality, 36.5%; major stroke, 5.1%). The rates of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and major stroke were 36.6%, 26.2%, and 5.1%, respectively, at 2 years. Between 1 and 2 years, the incremental all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and major stroke rates were 12.3%, 7.9%, and 0.8%, respectively. Multivariable predictors of all-cause mortality at 2 years included the presence of coronary artery disease and admission from an assisted living center. A Society of Thoracic Surgeons score >15% was also predictive of 2-year all-cause mortality. At 2 years, 94% of patients had New York Heart Association functional class I or II symptoms. The frequency of moderate or severe paravalvular regurgitation (4.3% at 1 year; 4.4% at 2 years) was unchanged between the first and second year. Conclusions Patients with severe AS at extreme surgical risk treated with self-expanding TAVR continued to show good clinical outcomes and hemodynamic valve performance at 2 years. The presence of comorbid conditions rather than valve performance affected 2-year outcomes in these patients.
- Key Words extreme risk
- severe aortic stenosis
- transcatheter aortic valve replacement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine