Δ40p53 controls the switch from pluripotency to differentiation by regulating IGF signaling in ESCs

Erica Ungewitter, Heidi Scrable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Δ40p53 is a transactivation-deficient isoform of the tumor suppressor p53. We discovered that Δ40p53, in addition to being highly expressed in embryonic stem cells (ESCs), is the major p53 isoform during early stages of embryogenesis in the mouse. By altering the dose of Δ40p53 in ESCs, we identified a critical role for this isoform in maintaining the ESC state. Haploinsufficiency for Δ40p53 causes a loss of pluripotency in ESCs and acquisition of a somatic cell cycle, while increased dosage of Δ40p53 prolongs pluripotency and inhibits progression to a more differentiated state. Δ40p53 controls the switch from pluripotent ESCs to differentiated somatic cells by controlling the activity of full-length p53 at critical targets such as Nanog and the IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R). The IGF axis plays a central role in the switch between pluripotency and differentiation in ESCs - and Δ40p53, by controlling the level of the IGF-1R, acts as a master regulator of this switch. We propose that this is the primary function of Δ40p53 in cells of the early embryo and stem cells, which are the only normal cells in which this isoform is expressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2408-2419
Number of pages12
JournalGenes and Development
Volume24
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010

Keywords

  • Embryonic stem cells
  • IGF
  • Pluripotency
  • Δ40p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology

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