β1 Integrin NPXY motifs regulate kidney collecting-duct development and maintenance by induced-fit interactions with cytosolic proteins

Sijo Mathew, Zhenwei Lu, Riya J. Palamuttam, Glenda Mernaugh, Arina Hadziselimovic, Jiang Chen, Nada Bulus, Leslie S. Gewin, Markus Voehler, Alexander Meves, Christoph Ballestrem, Reinhard Fässler, Ambra Pozzi, Charles R. Sanders, Roy Zent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Loss of β1 integrin expression inhibits renal collecting-system development. Two highly conserved NPXY motifs in the distal β1 tail regulate integrin function by associating with phosphtyrosine binding (PTB) proteins, such as talin and kindlin. Here, we define the roles of these two tyrosines in collecting-system development and delineate the structural determinants of the distal β1 tail using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Mice carrying alanine mutat ions have moderate renal collecting-system developmental abnormalities relative to β1-null mice. Phenylalanine mutations did not affect renal collecting-system development but increased susceptibility to renal injury. NMR spectra in bicelles showed the distal β1 tail is disordered and does not interact with the model membrane surface. Alanine or phenylalanine mutations did not alter β1 structure or interactions between β and β1 subunit transmembrane/cytoplasmic domains; however, they did decrease talin and kindlin binding. Thus, these studies highlight the fact that the functional roles of the NPXY motifs are organ dependent. Moreover, the β1 cytoplasmic tail, in the context of the adjacent transmembrane domain in bicelles, is significantly different from the more ordered, membrane-associated β3 integrin tail. Finally, tyrosine mutations of β1 NPXY motifs induce phenotypes by disrupting their interactions with critical integrin binding proteins like talins and kindlins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4080-4091
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume32
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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