β-globin gene promoter generates 5′ truncated transcripts in the embryonic/fetal erythroid environment

Khashayarsha Khazaie, Fotini Gounari, Michael Antoniou, Ernie Deboer, Frank Grosveld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report here the localisation of sequences responsible for the faulty expression of human β-globin gene in Putko and K562 cells. Complete β-globin gene introduced into these cells produces transcripts with abnormal 5′ ends, while cotransfected mouse H2 gene is expressed correctly. Using hybrid constructs of these two genes we demonstrate that aberrant activity is conferred by sequences 5′ of the β-globin gene. Thus β-globin promoter attached to the H2 coding sequence produces H2 transcripts with truncated 5′ ends. By introducing a series of deletions in the )β-globin promoter we restrict these sequences to the -77 / +28 base pair region spanning the CAAT element to the translation initiation she. These results are consistent with the lack of recognition of the β-globin gene major cap site in Putko and K562 cells. We suggest that inactivity of the adult giobin gene in the embryonic/fetal environment is at least in part conferred by sequences within the β-giobin gene promoter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7199-7212
Number of pages14
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume14
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 11 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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