β-Adrenergic-mediated vasodilation in young men and women: Cyclooxygenase restrains nitric oxide synthase

Jacqueline K. Limberg, Rebecca E. Johansson, Garrett L. Peltonen, John W. Harrell, J. Mikhail Kellawan, Marlowe W. Eldridge, Joshua J. Sebranek, William G. Schrage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that women exhibit greater vasodilator responses to β-adrenoceptor stimulation compared with men. We further hypothesized women exhibit a greater contribution of nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase to β-adrenergic-mediated vasodilation compared with men. Forearm blood flow (Doppler ultrasound) was measured in young men (n = 29, 26 ± 1 yr) and women (n = 33, 25 ± 1 yr) during intra-arterial infusion of isoproterenol (β-adrenergic agonist). In subset of subjects, isoproterenol responses were examined before and after local inhibition of nitric oxide synthase [NG-monomethyl-l-arginine (l-NMMA); 6 male/10 female] and/or cyclooxygenase (ketorolac; 5 male/5 female). Vascular conductance (blood flow ÷ mean arterial pressure) was calculated to assess vasodilation. Vascular conductance increased with isoproterenol infusion (P < 0.01), and this effect was not different between men and women (P = 0.41). l-NMMA infusion had no effect on isoproterenol-mediated dilation in men (P > 0.99) or women (P = 0.21). In contrast, ketorolac infusion markedly increased isoproterenol-mediated responses in both men (P < 0.01) and women (P = 0.04) and this rise was lost with subsequent l-NMMA infusion (men, P < 0.01; women, P < 0.05). β-Adrenergic vasodilation is not different between men and women and sex differences in the independent contribution of nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase to β-mediated vasodilation are not present. However, these data are the first to demonstrate β-adrenoceptor activation of cyclooxygenase suppresses nitric oxide synthase signaling in human forearm microcirculation and may have important implications for neurovascular control in both health and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H756-H764
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume310
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Blood flow
  • Isoproterenol
  • Prostaglandin
  • Sex differences
  • Skeletal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Limberg, J. K., Johansson, R. E., Peltonen, G. L., Harrell, J. W., Kellawan, J. M., Eldridge, M. W., Sebranek, J. J., & Schrage, W. G. (2016). β-Adrenergic-mediated vasodilation in young men and women: Cyclooxygenase restrains nitric oxide synthase. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 310(6), H756-H764. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00886.2015