Varenicline for Smokeless Tobacco Use

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In the United States, approximately 7.7 million individuals older than 12 years of age report current (past month) use of smokeless tobacco (ST). ST use has been associated with oral and extra-oral cancer as well as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. To date, no pharmacotherapies have been shown to increase long-term (e 6 months) abstinence rates in ST users. Novel pharmacotherapies that decrease withdrawal symptoms and nicotine self-administration need to be tested in ST users. Varenicline (Chantix", Pfizer) is a novel selective nicotinic receptor partial agonist with specificity for the 1422 nicotine acetylcholine receptor that has demonstrated remarkable efficacy for increasing long-term tobacco abstinence rates in cigarette smokers. The novel mechanism of action of varenicline potentially circumvents the limitations of using nicotine replacement therapy or bupropion pharmacotherapy in ST users. The overall goal of this line of research is to develop effective pharmacologic treatments for ST users to increase long-term (e 6 months) abstinence rates. The central hypothesis of this application is that varenicline is efficacious for the treatment of ST users. To evaluate this hypothesis, we will conduct a pilot study to obtain preliminary estimates of efficacy of 12-weeks of varenicline for increasing the prolonged and point prevalence tobacco abstinence rates at 12 weeks (end-of- treatment) in ST users. We will also evaluate the effect of varenicline on nicotine withdrawal symptoms and tobacco craving. If the results are promising, we will plan for a multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial with the Oregon Research Institute in Eugene, OR, to investigate the efficacy of varenicline to increase long-term (e 6 months) abstinence rates in ST users. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Smokeless tobacco (i.e., "chew") use is associated with negative health effects. To date, no medications have been shown to help chewers quit long-term. Varenicline is a new drug that may help. If found to be effective, chewers may take this medication to help them quit and reduce their risk for negative health effects.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/1/0912/31/10

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $166,210.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $199,452.00

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Smokeless Tobacco
Tobacco Use
Nicotine
Tobacco
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Drug Therapy
Varenicline
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Bupropion
Self Administration
Mouth Neoplasms
Controlled Clinical Trials
Health
Nicotinic Receptors
Cholinergic Receptors
Therapeutics
Tobacco Products
Cardiovascular Diseases
Placebos

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)