The role of Clusterin in cerebral amyloid angiopathy

Project: Research projectResearch Project

Description

 DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and is characterized by extracellular plaques formed by the deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide and intracellular tangles comprised of hyperphosphorylated forms of the tau protein. Another common pathology in AD is cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), caused by Aβ deposition in the walls of cerebral vessels leading to vascular dysfunction and hemorrhage. The strongest genetic risk factor for both AD and CAA is ε4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene, but multiple recent genome-wide association studies have proven that a similar apolipoprotein, Clusterin (CLU), also confers risk for AD. The role of CLU in CAA is unknown, but we have strong evidence that CLU is critically involved in the formation of CAA. While much is known about apoE receptor biology, the only known receptor for Clu, LRP2/Megalin, is very poorly expressed in the adult brain, suggesting other receptors are present but undiscovered. We have found that Plexin A4 (PLXNA4) is a novel receptor that regulates the levels of extracellular CLU in mice and in humans. PLXNA4 levels are significantly decreased in mouse models of AD as well as human AD brain tissue compared to controls. The objective of this proposal is to define how CLU regulates Aβ metabolism and deposition in brain parenchyma and cerebrovasculature. Using a combination of cell culture, biochemistry, mouse genetics, pharmacology, and pathologically defined human tissue, we will determine how the CLU and PLXNA4 affect AD by studying functional endpoints such as histopathology, vascular dysfunction, neuritic dystrophy, electrophysiology, and behavior. Deciphering this pathway could lead to new therapeutic targets not only for AD, but also for stroke and breast cancer, given the emerging role of CLU in those respective fields.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date9/30/158/31/20

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $342,344.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $342,344.00

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Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy
Clusterin
Alzheimer Disease
Blood Vessels
Brain
Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-2
Amyloid
Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-1
tau Proteins
Apolipoproteins
Electrophysiology
Genome-Wide Association Study
Biochemistry
Dementia
Cell Culture Techniques
Stroke
Alleles
Pharmacology
Pathology
Breast Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)