Sensitizing Ovarian Cancer To PARP inhibitor and platinum treatment

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Abstract Homologous recombination (HR) is an important DNA repair mechanism for DNA damage caused by PARPi and platinum. The HR pathway is closely associated with ovarian cancer development and chemoresistance. Recent clinical studies showed that PARP inhibitors and platinum are effective in treating ovarian cancers with mutations of BRCA1 or BRCA2, and other genes encoding proteins involved in HR. Conversely, factors involved in HR promote the repair of DNA lesions caused by PARP inhibitors and platinum, and this enhanced HR capability contributes to chemotherapy resistance. Therefore, targeting HR pathway may be a powerful strategy to overcome resistance to DNA damage-based therapy. Here we propose to study a new ATM-SYK-CtIP pathway that regulates HR. We found the tyrosine kinase SYK plays an important role in HR. SYK?s function in immune regulation is well established, however, its function in DNA repair has not been shown. We found that SYK phosphorylates CtIP and regulates CtIP function in HR. SYK itself is also phosphorylated in an ATM dependent manner and get recruited to the sites of DNA damage. Interestingly, SYK is overexpressed in recurrent ovarian cancers; high expression of SYK is related to poor outcome of OCs. Furthermore, inhibition of SYK in OC cell lines renders OC cells sensitize to PARPi or cisplatin. Taken together, we hypothesize that the ATM-SYK-CtIP pathway is a new regulatory mechanism for HR. Inhibiting of SYK sensitizes OC cells to cisplatin or PARPi, suggesting SYK as the novel potential therapeutic targets or biomarkers for ovarian cancer therapy. To test this hypothesis, we propose the following Specific Aims: 1. Investigate the regulation of HR by SYK; 2. Investigate the regulation of SYK by the DNA damage signaling; 3. Determine the inhibition of SYK in chemo-response in OCs using organoid and mouse models. Our studies will reveal the novel function of SYK in DNA repair and response to chemotherapy. In addition, it will reveal the new therapeutic targets and biomarkers in OC therapy.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date6/1/215/31/22

Funding

  • National Cancer Institute: $363,713.00

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