MEMBRANE TRAFFIC IN SPHINGOLIPID STORAGE DISEASES

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION The investigator will study membrane lipid transport and sphingolipid/cholesterol interactions in sphingolipid storage disease (SLSD) fibroblasts. Recently he found that several fluorescent SL analogs were internalized from the plasma membrane (PM) predominantly to the Golgi complex of normal cells, while in 10 different SLSD cell types, these lipids accumulated in endosomes and lysosomes. This accumulation was in general unrelated to the extent of SL analog degradation in the different cell types. He also showed that cholesterol bomeostasis is perturbed in multiple SLSDs secondary to SL accumulation and that mistargeting of SL analogs was regulated by cholesterol. Based on these results, they hypothesize that endogenous lipids which accumulate in SLSD cells due to primary defects in lipid catabolism result in an altered intracellular distribution of cholesterol, and that this alteration in membrane composition then results in defective sorting and transport of SLs. Four broad projects pertaining to this hypothesis will.be pursued. They will (i) examine the itinerary of fluorescent internalized recycled from the PM to various intracellular compartments over time: Dominant negative constructs of several different Rab proteins will be used to help define the compartment(s) where defective SL sorting occurs; (ii) study the intracellular transport of endogenous (e.g., using fluorescent SL binding toxins, anti-SL antibodies, or resialylation of SLs) to confirm their preliminary observations that the perturbation in PM to Golgi traffic seen in SLSD fibroblasts with fluorescent SLs is mirrored by endogenous SLs; (iii) evaluate potential mechanisms responsible for the perturbation of cholesterol homeostasis in SLSD cells. In particular, they will determine whether the ability of exogenous SLs to perturb cholesterol homeostasis in cells is related to the strength of specific SL/cholesterol interactions in vitro. They will also evaluate the potential roles of several sterol-sensing proteins in modulating cholesterol homeostasis in SLSD cells; and (iv) evaluate mechanistic hypotheses modulating Sl transport targeting in SLSD cells. The role of "membrane fluidity" will be studied by modifying endogenous membrane lipids and by systematically varying the chain length and hydrophobicity of the analogs used to observe SL sorting in SLSD cells. They will also examine the function of the sterol transport protein, NPC 1, suggested by their preliminary data to play a critical role in SL targeting. These studies will test a novel concept concerning the involvement of SL/cholesterol interactions in the regulation of lipid trafficking in normal and SLSD cells.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date4/1/0011/30/12

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $296,186.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $299,178.00

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Sphingolipids
Cystic Fibrosis
Cholesterol
Membranes
Cilia
Lipids
Cell Membrane
Mutation
Sphingolipidoses
Caveolin 1
Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
Chloride Channels
Organized Financing
Secretory Pathway
GTP Phosphohydrolases
Recycling
Missense Mutation
Mutant Proteins
Mucus
Endocytosis

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)