KNEE CONTROL MECHANISM FOR KNEE ANKLE FOOT ORTHOSIS

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Individuals with partial or complete paralysis of the lower extremity use
a knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO) for ambulation and must have the knee
locked for stability during gait. Use of a KAFO results in lack of knee
movement during the swing phase of gait and increased energy expenditure to
walk, resulting in a high rejection rate by users.

An electronically controlled knee joint has been developed that can be
installed on a conventional KAFO. This design uses modular electronics to
sense limb loading and activate a clutch control mechanism at the knee.
The knee joint unlocks during the swing phase and looks during the stance
phase of gait. The goal of phase I is to demonstrate the feasibility of an
alternative clutch mechanism which is smaller and delivers higher torque
capability. The Phase I study is expected to establish proof of
feasibility and prepare for further Phase II development and clinical
testing. If successful, the energy efficient knee-ankle-foot orthosis will
be manufactured and marketed by a recognized leader in orthotic/prosthetic
equipment. This type of brace will be useful for patients with
poliomyelitis, spinal cord injuries, myopathic disorders, congenital spinal
defects, and acquired paralysis due to infections or vascular insults.

PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: This system is for use by persons with
mobility limitations. It will restore, replace or enhance the function of
children and adults with physical disabilities of the lower extremity.
Currently, there are about 866,000 people who use a leg brace. The
dissatisfaction with conventional KAFO's result in a rejection rate of 60-
100%. These individuals would benefit from the brace being developed in
this research project.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/29/968/31/98

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)