Function of CAF-1 in Epigenetic Inheritance

  • Zhang, Zhiguo H, (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In eukaryotic cells, heterochromatin governs diverse cellular processes such as silencing transcription and maintaining genomic integrity. Once formed, heterochromatin must be transmitted to daughter cells during cell division. Inappropriate gain or loss of heterochromatic structure plays a causal role in cancer. Therefore, studies on how heterochromatin is inherited during S phase or epigenetic inheritance will not only increase our understanding of this basic biological process, but also shed light on how this process goes awry in cancer cells. The yeast S. cerevisiae offers an excellent model system to study epigenetic inheritance. Yeast heterochromatin is marked by the presence of hypoacetylated histories and four silent information regulator (Sir) proteins. SirSp and Sir4p associate with hypoacetylated histones H3 and H4 for establishment and maintenance of yeast silent chromatin. During DNA synthesis, much of the epigenetic information such as modifications on histones as well as Sir proteins is temporarily disrupted. Immediately after DNA synthesis, the epigenetic information must be reestablished. Chromatin assembly factor 1 (CAF-1) is one of the factors involved in inheritance of epigenetic information. However, the molecular mechanisms by which CAF-1 functions in this process is not clear. Our long-term goal is to understand how chromatin structures are inherited during the S phase of the cell cycle. The objective of this proposal is to study molecular mechanisms whereby CAF-1 functions with its modulator and effector proteins to inherit silent chromatin structure in yeast. These studies will address how heterochromatin is inherited in yeast. Moreover, knowledge gained from these studies will also lead to a better understanding of epigenetic inheritance in mammalian cells and cancer caused by malfunction of this process.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date9/20/058/31/19

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $260,427.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $268,607.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $268,607.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $276,629.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $302,784.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $283,286.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $302,784.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $57,934.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $292,187.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $268,607.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $302,784.00

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Epigenomics
Histone Chaperones
Nucleosomes
Chromatin
Histones
Chromatin Assembly Factor-1
Heterochromatin
DNA Replication
Yeasts
S Phase
DNA
Cell Cycle
Genomic Instability
Eukaryotic Cells
Neoplasms
Biological Phenomena
Proteins
SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
F-Box Proteins

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)