Decision Aids to Address Prostate Cancer Disparities in Minority Men

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): African American and some Native American men experience a greater burden of prostate cancer in the United States. Surgery and radiation therapy are effective treatments, but each has different quality of life implications for men and their partners. These treatments, although potentially life-saving impose their own burden related to treatment side effects. Some men may benefit from a monitoring approach called active surveillance if they have early, slow-growing prostate cancer. Making the right treatment choice depends of men being given all appropriate options and making sure they have a high quality conversation with their specialty provider. Minority men in particular are not always given
the evidence they need to make the right choice for them, and doctors and healthcare systems may not always pay attention to what is important to them. Tools called decision aids can improve knowledge and may reduce the burden associated with prostate cancer treatment in minority men. These tools inform men about their disease severity, treatment options, and the quality of life implications of each treatment option. They can be delivered in clinical discussion with specialists or prior to a visit with a specialist. However, decision aids are not routinely usd in specialty practice for prostate cancer. A tablet-based tool we have developed, Prostate Choice, helps men tailor their choice based on their disease risk, life expectancy, and current sexual and urinary function. It can be used in the clinical conversation. Another tool, Knowing Your Options, is a website with comprehensive educational materials that is designed for use prior to visits with specialists. We want to study two kinds of decision aids - ones delivered in te visit with a specialist and one delivered before seeing a specialist as well as the combination of the two decision aids-to see if we can put patients in the best position possible to make the treatment choice that is right for them. We think these tools will reduce known disparities in patient knowledge and may improve the burden of men's symptoms a year after prostate cancer diagnosis. We propose an experiment that delivers the two types of decision aids compared to usual care by assigning 32 specialty practices to get different types of decision aids or usual care. To test the experiment we will enroll 310 men (120 white, 120 African American, 70 American Indian/Alaska Native). From this experiment we will see whether one or the other of the two proposed decision aids or the combination of the two improves men's knowledge most compared to usual care. We will be able to determine whether those effects are the same or different for men from different racial backgrounds and education levels. By testing these tools we will determine whether they can reduce known disparities in patient knowledge and quality of life in minority men.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/2/143/31/19

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $417,707.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $357,881.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $359,003.00

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Decision Support Techniques
Prostatic Neoplasms
North American Indians
Quality of Life
Therapeutics
African Americans
Life Expectancy
Tablets
Prostate
Radiotherapy

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)