COUPLING OF K ATP CHANNELS WITH CARDIAC ENERGETICS

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The objective of this proposal is to define mechanisms coupling ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels with myocardial energetics, and translate this information into understanding principles of endogenous cardio-protection. KATP channels are unique sensors of the cellular metabolic state, and channel function has been associated with cardioprotection in ischemic preconditioning. However, the mechanisms that couple KATP channels with cellular energetics are unknown. We have discovered that KATP channels possess ATPase and adenylate kinase-like activities, and are regulated by cellular phosphotransfer reactions. Ischemic preconditioning induces re-distribution of nucleotide fluxes among phosphotransfer systems, comprised of creatine kinase, adenylate kinase and glycolytic enzymes. Transgenic muscles, lacking phosphotransfer enzymes, are more vulnerable to metabolic stress. Based on these findings, we put forward a new concept that KATP channel regulation is accomplished by intrinsic catalysis of nucleotide exchange, and coupled to cellular energetics through phosphotransfer reactions. We hypothesize that, in metabolic stress, re-distribution of phosphoryl flux is sensed by KATP channels, and underlies cardioprotective energetic remodeling of the myocardium. Here, we will define: 1) whether KATP channel subunits possess intrinsic ATPase and/or adenylate kinase-like activities; 2) whether metabolic state-dependent distribution of phosphoryl flux regulates nucleotide exchange and catalytic activities in KATP channel subunits and synchronizes channel function with cellular energetics; and 3) whether phosphotransfer reactions, coupled with KATP channel catalytic activities, contribute to ischemic preconditioning. We will use advanced molecular biology, biochemical and electrophysiological techniques to characterize nucleotide exchange, protein-protein interaction, and catalytic activity in channel subunits, in conjunction with mass spectrometric and 31P NMR techniques to measure cellular phosphoryl fluxes using 18O isotopes, and patch-clamp channel recording in normal, pre-conditioned and phosphotransfer enzyme-deficient transgenic hearts. This proposal has the potential to establish a novel principle of KATP channel regulation by intrinsic catalysis of nucleotide exchange coupled through phosphotransfer reactions to cellular energetics. Such concept is of fundamental importance in channel biology, and essential to understand cellular regulation and protection under metabolic stress.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date4/1/003/31/09

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $314,678.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $324,077.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $282,200.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $282,200.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $331,875.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $331,875.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $282,200.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $282,200.00

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)

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